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Nuancing the favourable assessments of the Nordic economies

  • Wim Suyker


The Nordic economies have performed well in recent years. Economic growth and labour market participation have been higher than in the euro area; the government budgets have been in surplus; the labour force is highly skilled, the education system leads to good qualifications and to smooth entry to the labour market; the risk of poverty is low. Nordic countries are almost always in the top of country rankings, for instance in the IMD Competitiveness ranking (IMD, 2005). This good performance in recent years has led to favourable assessment of the Nordic economic model (see for instance Aiginger and Guger, 2006; Sapir, 2005; Dutch Ministry of Finance, 2005). This memorandum tries to nuance and qualify some of those favourable assessments of the Nordic economies.

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Paper provided by CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis in its series CPB Memorandum with number 153.

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Date of creation: Apr 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpb:memodm:153
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  1. Leo Bonato & Lusine Lusinyan, 2004. "Work Absence in Europe," IMF Working Papers 04/193, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Robert Paul Berben & Kerstin Bernoth & Mauro Mastrogiacomo, 2006. "Households' Response to Wealth Changes: Do Gains or Losses make a Difference?," DNB Working Papers 090, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  3. André Sapir, 2006. "Globalization and the reform of European social models," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/167139, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Romain Duval & Jørgen Elmeskov, 2005. "The Effects of EMU on Structural Reforms in Labour and Product Markets," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 438, OECD Publishing.
  5. Mauro Mastrogiacomo, 2006. "Testing consumers' asymmetric reaction to wealth changes," CPB Discussion Paper 53, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  6. David Rae, 2005. "How to Reduce Sickness Absences in Sweden: Lessons from International Experience," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 442, OECD Publishing.
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