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Nature or Nurture in Higher Education? Inter-generational Implications of the Vietnam-Era Lottery

Author

Listed:
  • Christofides, L.

    (University of Guelph)

  • Hoy, M.

    (University of Guelph)

  • Milla, J.

    (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE, Belgium)

  • Stengos, T.

    (University of Guelph)

Abstract

It is evident that a strong positive correlation persists between the educational attainment of parents and that of their children in many, if not most, populations. This relationship may form an important part of the phenomenon of low social mobility as well as inefficiently low investment in human capital by youth who have parents with relatively low educational attainment. Is it a genetic inter-generational transmission of innate ability from parents to their children (i.e. nature) or is it the environment that the better educated parents provide for their children (i.e. nurture) that explains this positive relationship? Understanding the relative contributions of nature versus nurture is critical to the development of any social policy designed to increase social and economic mobility between generations. Separating the so-called nature and nurture effects of this relationship is a difficult task. We use the Vietnam Era Draft Lottery as a natural experiment to address the nature-nurture question. Attending university in order to avoid the draft created a cohort which included individuals who would not normally have attended post-secondary educational institutions. Comparing the educational attainment of children of this cohort to that of cohorts who attended university in “normal times” creates a natural experiment to test the relative importance of the nature or nurture explanations. Our findings provide evidence in support of the nurture argument.

Suggested Citation

  • Christofides, L. & Hoy, M. & Milla, J. & Stengos, T., 2015. "Nature or Nurture in Higher Education? Inter-generational Implications of the Vietnam-Era Lottery," LIDAM Discussion Papers CORE 2015019, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2015019
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anders Björklund & Mikael Lindahl & Erik Plug, 2006. "The Origins of Intergenerational Associations: Lessons from Swedish Adoption Data," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 121(3), pages 999-1028.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inter-generational mobility; higher education attendance;

    JEL classification:

    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General

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