IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000097/009355.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La competitividad internacional manufacturera en Argentina, México y Turquía: una investigación empírica

Author

Listed:
  • Víctor M. Cuevas Ahumada

    ()

Abstract

Resumen Este trabajo investiga los efectos generados por la productividad laboral, los salarios y el tipo de cambio real, entre otras variables, sobre la Competitividad Internacional (CI) manufacturera de Argentina, México y Turquía, durante el período 1998-2008. Para tal fin, se construye un índice de CI para la industria manufacturera de cada nación, el cual se basa en el concepto de cuotas de mercado. Después de analizar el comportamiento de cada índice, se estima un modelo de Autorregresión Vectorial (modelo VAR ) para cada nación. Con base en estos modelos, se realizan pruebas de cointegración y se estiman funciones "generalizadas" de impulso-respuesta (FGIR ). Las pruebas de cointegración revelan que, en el largo plazo, la productividad laboral influye positivamente sobre la CI en las tres naciones. Las FGIR, por su parte, indican que un aumento transitorio en la productividad laboral eleva la CI en Argentina y México desde el momento del impacto, aunque este efecto se diluye poco después. En el caso particular de Turquía, las FGIR permiten observar que la CI se fortalece cuando los costos laborales unitarios descienden; es decir, cuando la productividad laboral crece por arriba de los salarios. Asimismo, tanto las pruebas de cointegración, como las FGIR , sugieren que una depreciación real de la moneda genera efectos contrapuestos sobre la

Suggested Citation

  • Víctor M. Cuevas Ahumada, 2009. "La competitividad internacional manufacturera en Argentina, México y Turquía: una investigación empírica," Economía, Gestión y Desarrollo 009355, Universidad Javeriana - Cali.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000097:009355
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://revistaeconomia.puj.edu.co/html/articulos/Numero_9/Cuevas.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:ags:jaecon:44427 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    3. Martha Misas A. & María Teresa Ramírez G. & Luisa Silva, 2001. "Exportaciones no tradicionales en Colombia y sus determinantes," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 19(39), pages 73-114, June.
    4. Caner, M. & Kilian, L., 2001. "Size distortions of tests of the null hypothesis of stationarity: evidence and implications for the PPP debate," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 639-657, October.
    5. Catao, Luis & Falcetti, Elisabetta, 2002. "Determinants of Argentina’s External Trade," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 5(1), pages 1-39, May.
    6. Finger, J M & Kreinin, M E, 1979. "A Measure of 'Export Similarity' and Its Possible Uses," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 905-912, December.
    7. Leybourne, S J & McCabe, B P M, 1994. "A Consistent Test for a Unit Root," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 12(2), pages 157-166, April.
    8. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    9. Pedroni, Peter, 1999. " Critical Values for Cointegration Tests in Heterogeneous Panels with Multiple Regressors," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 653-670, Special I.
    10. Culver, Sarah E. & Papell, David H., 1999. "Long-run purchasing power parity with short-run data: evidence with a null hypothesis of stationarity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 751-768, October.
    11. Abdelhak S. Senhadji & Claudio E. Montenegro, 1999. "Time Series Analysis of Export Demand Equations: A Cross-Country Analysis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 46(3), pages 1-2.
    12. Papell, David H & Theodoridis, Hristos, 2001. "The Choice of Numeraire Currency in Panel Tests of Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(3), pages 790-803, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000097:009355. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rafael Posada). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.