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El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Paola Montenegro

    ()

  • Nataly Obando

    ()

Abstract

Este documento tiene como objetivo establecer las causas que han llevado a Pereira a ubicarse como la ciudad con la tasa de desempleo más alta, entre las 13 principales ciudades de Colombia. Para ello, se presentan estimaciones econométricas de modelos de participación y demanda laboral, utilizando información de las 13 principales ciudades y sus áreas metropolitanas reportadas en la Encuesta Continua de Hogares para los períodos 2001:01 a 2006:06 y la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares para los períodos 2006:07 a 2009:12. Nuestros resultados indican que, en buena medida, la alta tasa de desempleo de Pereira se explica por la crisis de España ya que su tasa de desempleo y las remesas que provienen de allí afectan la probabilidad de participar en el mercado de trabajo de Pereira. Desde el punto de vista de la demanda de trabajo, los aumentos del salario mínimo pueden ser incompatibles con el bajo nivel educativo de la población y hacer que la mano de obra parezca costosa en relación con su productividad.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Paola Montenegro & Nataly Obando, 2011. "El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007871, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007871
    as

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra636.pdf
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    Other versions of this item:

    • Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Montenegro, Paola & Obando, Nataly, 2012. "El desempleo en Pereira : ¿Solo cuestión de remesas?," Chapters,in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 17, pages 711-749 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ximena Cadena Ordóñez & Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María, 2004. "Las remesas en Colombia: costos de transacción y lavado de dinero," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 003127, FEDESARROLLO.
    2. Carlos Medina & Cristhian Manuel Posso, 2009. "Colombian and South American Immigrants in the United States of America: Education Levels, Job Qualifications and the Decision to Go Back Home," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005758, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Maloney, William F., 2001. "How comparable are labor demand elasticities across countries?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2658, The World Bank.
    4. Reuben Gronau, 1974. "The Effect of Children on the Housewife's Value of Time," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 457-490 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David Aldana & Luis Eduardo Arabgo, 2008. "Participación laboral en Ibagué," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, June.
    6. Luis Eduardo Arango & Monica Alexandra Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2009. "La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política," Borradores de Economia 563, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Lina Cardona Sosa & Carlos Medina, 2006. "Migration as a Safety Net and Effects of Remittances on Household Consumption: The Case of Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003219, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    8. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carlos Medina & Andrés Trejos, 2010. "Measuring Economic and Social Impacts of Migration in Colombia: New evidence," Borradores de Economia 601, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. E. Paul Durrenberger, 2005. "Labour," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Luis Arango & Carlos Posada, 2005. "Labour participation in Colombia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(16), pages 1829-1838.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2015. "A Statistical Analysis of Heterogeneity on Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, August.
    2. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2014. "An Exploratory Analysis of Heterogeneity on Regional Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia: An MFACT approach," Borradores de Economia 802, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Luis Arango & Dolores Mata & Nataly Obando, 2015. "Echoes of the crises in Spain and US in the Colombian labor market: a differences-in-differences approach," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 441-477, November.
    4. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Obando, Nataly & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2012. "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Chapters,in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 13, pages 545-585 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Perfil económico del Eje Cafetero. Un análisis con miras a la competitividad territorial
      [Economic profile of Eje Cafetero. An analysis towards territorial competitiveness]
      ," MPRA Paper 43873, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa de desempleo; remesas; educación; salario mínimo.;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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