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El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Eduardo Arango
  • Paola Montenegro
  • Nataly Obando

Abstract

Este documento tiene como objetivo establecer las causas que han llevado a Pereira a ubicarse como la ciudad con la tasa de desempleo más alta, entre las 13 principales ciudades de Colombia. Para ello, se presentan estimaciones econométricas de modelos de participación y demanda laboral, utilizando información de las 13 principales ciudades y sus áreas metropolitanas reportadas en la Encuesta Continua de Hogares para los períodos 2001:01 a 2006:06 y la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares para los períodos 2006:07 a 2009:12. Nuestros resultados indican que, en buena medida, la alta tasa de desempleo de Pereira se explica por la crisis de España ya que su tasa de desempleo y las remesas que provienen de allí afectan la probabilidad de participar en el mercado de trabajo de Pereira. Desde el punto de vista de la demanda de trabajo, los aumentos del salario mínimo pueden ser incompatibles con el bajo nivel educativo de la población y hacer que la mano de obra parezca costosa en relación con su productividad.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Paola Montenegro & Nataly Obando, 2011. "El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007871, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007871
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    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2015. "A Statistical Analysis of Heterogeneity on Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE, August.
    2. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Obando, Nataly & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2012. "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 13, pages 545-585, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Luis Arango & Dolores Mata & Nataly Obando, 2015. "Echoes of the crises in Spain and US in the Colombian labor market: a differences-in-differences approach," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 441-477, November.
    4. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Perfil económico del Eje Cafetero. Un análisis con miras a la competitividad territorial [Economic profile of Eje Cafetero. An analysis towards territorial competitiveness]," MPRA Paper 43873, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2014. "An Exploratory Analysis of Heterogeneity on Regional Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia: An MFACT approach," Borradores de Economia 802, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa de desempleo; remesas; educación; salario mínimo.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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