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Reflexiones sobre el crecimiento de largo plazo del sector agrícola en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge Tovar

    ()

  • Eduardo Uribe

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo explora la evolución estructural del PIB agropecuario en Colombia desde finales de los sesenta hasta el 2007. Como fuentes de crecimiento se tienen en cuenta la productividad y las áreas cosechadas. Se encuentra que en los últimos 16 años el área cosechada ha disminuido alrededor de un 25%, mientras que la productividad se ha mantenido generalmente estancada. Se concluye que el sector agrícola, debido a diferentes medidas de protección y soporte sectorial, a lo largo de décadas, no ha logrado integrarse plenamente a un mercado competitivo. Además, se presenta un ejercicio comparativo con Chile, México y Brasil. Éste sugiere que la manera más eficiente para incorporar el sector agrícola a la dinámica del resto de la economía es mediante la provisión de incentivos económicos que induzcan a mejoras efectivas de productividad. La revisión de la información sobre inversión, tanto doméstica como extranjera, sugiere que en Colombia esta no ha sido suficiente para impulsar cambios estructurales en el sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Tovar & Eduardo Uribe, 2008. "Reflexiones sobre el crecimiento de largo plazo del sector agrícola en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 004984, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:004984
    as

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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2008-10.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marcela Eslava & John Haltiwanger & Adriana Kugler & Maurice Kugler, 2006. "Plant Turnover and Structural Reforms in Colombia," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(si), pages 1-3.
    2. Stephen Tokarick, 2008. "Dispelling Some Misconceptions about Agricultural Trade Liberalization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 199-216, Winter.
    3. Menezes Filho, N. A. & Giovannetti, Bruno, 2006. "Trade Liberalization and Demand for Skill in Brazil," Insper Working Papers wpe_57, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ibáñez, A. M. & Fernández, M. & Hernández, C. & Jaramillo, C., 2009. "Dinámicas departamentales de pobreza en Colombia 1993-2005," Working papers 033, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.
    2. Jorge Tovar, 2014. "Tobacco Cultivation in Latin America," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011193, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    3. Alberto Luis Zarur Ramos & Pedro Fernando Delgado Jaimes, 2014. "Criterios para una propuesta de construcción de distritos agroindustriales con enfoque en las alianzas público-privadas," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, June.
    4. Tovar, Jorge, 2013. "El Cultivo del Tabaco en América Latina," Documentos CEDE Series 161363, Universidad de Los Andes, Economics Department.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sector agrícola; crecimiento económico; productividad;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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