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Reflexiones sobre el crecimiento de largo plazo del sector agrícola en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Jorge Tovar


  • Eduardo Uribe


Este trabajo explora la evolución estructural del PIB agropecuario en Colombia desde finales de los sesenta hasta el 2007. Como fuentes de crecimiento se tienen en cuenta la productividad y las áreas cosechadas. Se encuentra que en los últimos 16 años el área cosechada ha disminuido alrededor de un 25%, mientras que la productividad se ha mantenido generalmente estancada. Se concluye que el sector agrícola, debido a diferentes medidas de protección y soporte sectorial, a lo largo de décadas, no ha logrado integrarse plenamente a un mercado competitivo. Además, se presenta un ejercicio comparativo con Chile, México y Brasil. Éste sugiere que la manera más eficiente para incorporar el sector agrícola a la dinámica del resto de la economía es mediante la provisión de incentivos económicos que induzcan a mejoras efectivas de productividad. La revisión de la información sobre inversión, tanto doméstica como extranjera, sugiere que en Colombia esta no ha sido suficiente para impulsar cambios estructurales en el sector.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 004984.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 10 Jul 2008
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:004984
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Stephen Tokarick, 2008. "Dispelling Some Misconceptions about Agricultural Trade Liberalization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 199-216, Winter.
  2. Marcela Eslava & John Haltiwanger & Adriana Kugler & Maurice Kugler, 2006. "Plant Turnover and Structural Reforms in Colombia," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(si), pages 1-3.
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