Gravity Estimation of the Intensive and Extensive Margins of Trade: An Alternative Procedure with Alternative Data
Helpman, Melitz and Rubinstein (2008) derive gravity equations to estimate effects of trade barriers on the intensive and extensive margins of trade. They exploit the frequency of zeros in aggregate bilateral trade data to identify effects on the extensive margin and to obtain controls for firm level heterogeneity and sample selection on the intensive margin. By using data on the number of bilaterally traded products we improve on identification and allow estimation of the extensive margin when data contain only positive trade flows. We also control for the pervasive presence of heteroscedasticity in trade data. The heterogeneity and selection biases are shown to be small and unimportant whereas the heteroscedasticity bias is large and important.
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- J. M. C. Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2006.
"The Log of Gravity,"
The Review of Economics and Statistics,
MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 641-658, November.
- Joao Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2005. "The Log of Gravity," CEP Discussion Papers dp0701, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Santos Silva, J.M.C & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2005. "The Log of Gravity," CEPR Discussion Papers 5311, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Joao Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2005. "The log of gravity," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3744, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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