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The Inter-Institutional Distribution of Power in EU Codecision

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  • Stefan Napel
  • Mika Widgrén

Abstract

This paper analyzes the a priori influence of the European Parliament (EP) and the Council of Ministers (CM) on legislation of the European Union adopted under its codecision procedure. In contrast to studies which use conventional power indices, both institutions are assumed to act strategically. Predicted bargaining outcomes of the crucial Conciliation stage of codecision are shown to be strongly biased towards the legislative status quo. Making symmetric preference assumptions for members of CM and EP, CM is on average much more conservative because of its internal qualified majority rule. This makes CM by an order of magnitude more influential than EP, in contrast to a seeming formal parity between the two ‘co-legislators’.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Napel & Mika Widgrén, 2004. "The Inter-Institutional Distribution of Power in EU Codecision," CESifo Working Paper Series 1347, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1347
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    power measurement; European Union codecision procedure; bargaining; spatial voting; decision procedures;
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