Horizontal and Vertical FDI Spillovers: Recent Evidence from the Czech Republic
This paper analyzes the effects of foreign direct investment on the sales growth rate of domestic companies in the Czech Republic. Using firm- level panel data from 1995 to 2003, it studies both horizontal and vertical spillovers. The study allows for the lagged nature of spillovers and pays at- tention to the potential endogeneity of FDI with respect to future industry growth. The results suggest that domestic companies are mostly su®ering in the presence of foreign companies, especially in upstream sectors. Negative horizontal and forward spillovers are present mainly in recent years. Time sensitivity is revealed for horizontal spillovers.
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