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Assessing the impact of local taxation on property prices: a spatial matching contribution / Evaluer l'impact de la fiscalité locale sur les prix immobiliers : une contribution de l'appariement spatial

  • Sylvie Charlot
  • Sonia Paty
  • Michel Visalli

This paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of local taxation on property prices in an urban French context, using data on property taxation and real estate transactions, over the period 1994-2004. Our empirical methodology pairs transactions in the same spatial environments to estimate the impact of property taxation, controlling for the local public spending effect. Spatial differencing and Instrumental Variables methodology allow us to compare sales across municipality boundaries and to control for the potential endogeneity of local taxation and public spending. Our results suggest that the local property tax rate has no impact on property prices, while the amount of taxes paid appears to have a negative effect on property price. - Ce papier contribue à comprendre l'impact de la fiscalité locale sur les prix d'achat des maisons dans un contexte urbain et français, à l'aide de données sur la fiscalité locale sur les transactions immobilières réalisées sur la période 1994-2004. Notre méthodologie apparie les transactions ayant eu lieu dans le même environnement spatial afin d'estimer l'effet de la taxe foncière en contrôlant les effets des dépenses publiques locales. La différenciation spatiale ainsi que la méthode des variables instrumentales nous permettent de comparer les ventes de part et d'autre des frontières communales et de contrôler l'endogénéité potentielle de la fiscalité et des dépenses publiques locales. Nos résultats tendent à montrer que le taux de taxe foncière n'a pas d'impact sur les prix d'achat, alors que le montant de taxe acquitté par les propriétaires semble avoir un effet négatif sur les prix des transaction foncières.

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File URL: http://www2.dijon.inra.fr/cesaer/workingpapers/RePEc/ceo/wpaper/WP2008_3.pdf
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Paper provided by INRA UMR CESAER, Centre d'’Economie et Sociologie appliquées à l'’Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux in its series INRA UMR CESAER Working Papers with number 2008/3.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: 15 Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ceo:wpaper:18
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  1. Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent & Overman, Henry G, 2006. "Assessing the Effects of Local Taxation Using Microgeographic Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 5856, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Gibbons, Steve & Machin, Stephen, 2003. "Valuing English primary schools," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 197-219, March.
  3. Epple, Dennis & Zelenitz, Allan & Visscher, Michael, 1978. "A Search for Testable Implications of the Tiebout Hypothesis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(3), pages 405-25, June.
  4. Sylvie Charlot & Sonia Paty, 2007. "Market access effect and local tax setting: evidence from French panel data," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(3), pages 247-263, May.
  5. Anwar M. Chaudry-Shah, 1989. "A Capitalization Approach to Fiscal Incidence at the Local Level," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(4), pages 359-375.
  6. Sandra E. Black, 1999. "Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation Of Elementary Education," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 577-599, May.
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  8. Sonstelie, Jon C. & Portney, Paul R., 1980. "Gross rents and market values: Testing the implications of Tiebout's hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 102-118, January.
  9. Starrett, David A, 1981. "Land Value Capitalization in Local Public Finance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(2), pages 306-27, April.
  10. King, A Thomas, 1977. "Estimating Property Tax Capitalization: A Critical Comment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(2), pages 425-31, April.
  11. Cushing, Brian J., 1984. "Capitalization of interjurisdictional fiscal differentials: An alternative approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 317-326, May.
  12. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
  13. Sheppard, Stephen, 1999. "Hedonic analysis of housing markets," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 1595-1635 Elsevier.
  14. Oates, Wallace E, 1973. "The Effects of Property Taxes and Local Public Spending on Property Values: A Reply and Yet Further Results," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(4), pages 1004-08, July-Aug..
  15. Edel, Matthew & Sclar, Elliott, 1974. "Taxes, Spending, and Property Values: Supply Adjustment in a Tiebout-Oates Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(5), pages 941-54, Sept./Oct.
  16. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
  17. Thomas J. Holmes, 1998. "The Effect of State Policies on the Location of Manufacturing: Evidence from State Borders," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(4), pages 667-705, August.
  18. Wales, T J & Wiens, E G, 1974. "Capitalization of Residential Property Taxes: An Empirical Study," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 56(3), pages 329-33, August.
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