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What Do I Take With Me: The Impact of Transfer and Replication of Resources on Parent and Spin-Out Firm Performance

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  • Rajshree Agarwal
  • Benjamin Campbell
  • April M. Franco
  • Martin Ganco

Abstract

Focusing on entrepreneurial ventures created by employees leaving a firm, our study examines the differential impact of knowledge transfer and knowledge spillovers on both parent and spin-out performance. While extant research often uses knowledge transfer and spillover interchangeably, our study distinguishes between the two based on the “rivalness” of the relevant knowledge. We theorize that both knowledge transfer (proxied by the size of the exiting employee team) and knowledge spillovers (proxied by the experience of the exiting employee team) will aid spin-out performance. However, knowledge transfer, being more rival, will have a greater adverse impact than knowledge spillovers on parent firm performance. Using U.S. Census Bureau linked employee-employer data from the legal services industry, we find support for our hypotheses. Our study thus contributes to extant literature by highlighting a key dimension of knowledge — rivalness — and the differential competitive dynamics effect of resources with varying degrees of rivalness.

Suggested Citation

  • Rajshree Agarwal & Benjamin Campbell & April M. Franco & Martin Ganco, 2011. "What Do I Take With Me: The Impact of Transfer and Replication of Resources on Parent and Spin-Out Firm Performance," Working Papers 11-06, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:11-06
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    File URL: https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2011/CES-WP-11-06.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Filippo Carlo Wezel & Gino Cattani & Johannes M. Pennings, 2006. "Competitive Implications of Interfirm Mobility," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 17(6), pages 691-709, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Heinrichs, Simon & Walter, Sascha, 2013. "Don’t Step Into Your Parent’s Shoes – How Exploitation and Exploration Affect Spin-out Growth," EconStor Preprints 68591, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.

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