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Tributación sin representación: la democracia argentina desde 1983

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  • Jorge M. Streb

Abstract

Desde 1983 se viola el principio constitucional de representación del pueblo: las provincias de Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mendoza y Santa Fe, con una mayoría de los habitantes, tienen una minoría de representantes en la Cámara de Diputados. Además, no se cumple el mandato constitucional de que a partir de 1997 la coparticipación de impuestos se base en criterios objetivos, equitativos y solidarios: la provincia de Buenos Aires recibió un tercio de los recursos por habitante que recibieron las otras provincias en 2016, haciendo letra muerta del federalismo. Estas anomalías son legados de los gobiernos de facto que fueron conservadas por un Congreso no representativo. Se proponen dos reformas: (i) una representación proporcional a la población en la Cámara de Diputados, para acabar con un Congreso al margen de la Constitución Nacional donde los representantes de una minoría deciden cuánto tributar y cómo gastarlo; (ii) un régimen de coparticipación basado en un criterio objetivo, repartir los mismos recursos por habitante a todos los distritos: como sería devolutivo si todos aportaran lo mismo, es equitativo; como los distritos ricos aportarían más si hubiera disparidad de ingresos, es solidario.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge M. Streb, 2018. "Tributación sin representación: la democracia argentina desde 1983," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 633, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:633
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    File URL: https://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/633.pdf
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    1. repec:cem:jaecon:v:20:y:2017:n:2:p:241-269 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Miriam Bruhn & Francisco Gallego & Massimiliano Onorato, 2010. "Legislative Malapportionment and institutional persistence," Documentos de Trabajo 381, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    3. Alberto Porto & Pablo Sanguinetti, 2001. "Political Determinants of Intergovernmental Grants: Evidence From Argentina," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 237-256, November.
    4. Pablo Garofalo & Daniel Lema & Jorge M. Streb, 2016. "Party alignment, political budget cycles and vote within a federal country," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 601, Universidad del CEMA, revised May 2017.
    5. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135-135.
    6. Sebastian Galiani & Iván Torre & Gustavo Torrens, 2016. "Fiscal Federalism and Legislative Malapportionment: Causal Evidence from Independent but Related Natural Experiments," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(1), pages 133-159, March.
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    Keywords

    H2; H7;

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations

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