IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Asymptotic F and t Tests in an Efficient GMM Setting


  • Hwang, Jungbin
  • Sun, Yixiao


This paper considers two-step efficient GMM estimation and inference where the weighting matrix and asymptotic variance matrix are based on the series long run variance estimator. We propose a simple and easy-to-implement modification to the trinity of test statistics in the two-step efficient GMM setting and show that the modified test statistics are all asymptotically F distributed under the so-called fixed-smoothing asymptotics. The modification is multiplicative and involves the J statistic for testing over-identifying restrictions. This leads to convenient asymptotic F tests that use standard F critical values. Simulation shows that, in terms of both size and power, the asymptotic F tests perform as well as the nonstandard tests proposed recently by Sun (2014b) in finite samples. But the F tests are more appealing as the critical values are readily available from standard statistical tables. Compared to the conventional chi-square tests, the F tests are as powerful, but are much more accurate in size.

Suggested Citation

  • Hwang, Jungbin & Sun, Yixiao, 2015. "Asymptotic F and t Tests in an Efficient GMM Setting," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt1c62d8xf, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsdec:qt1c62d8xf

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:;origin=repeccitec
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Phillips, Peter C.B., 2005. "Hac Estimation By Automated Regression," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(01), pages 116-142, February.
    2. Yixiao Sun & Peter C. B. Phillips & Sainan Jin, 2008. "Optimal Bandwidth Selection in Heteroskedasticity-Autocorrelation Robust Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(1), pages 175-194, January.
    3. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-1054, July.
    4. Yixiao Sun, 2013. "A heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation robust F test using an orthonormal series variance estimator," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 16(1), pages 1-26, February.
    5. Kiefer, Nicholas M. & Vogelsang, Timothy J., 2005. "A New Asymptotic Theory For Heteroskedasticity-Autocorrelation Robust Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(06), pages 1130-1164, December.
    6. Sun, Yixiao, 2011. "Robust trend inference with series variance estimator and testing-optimal smoothing parameter," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 164(2), pages 345-366, October.
    7. Sun, Yixiao & Phillips, Peter C.B. & Jin, Sainan, 2011. "Power Maximization And Size Control In Heteroskedasticity And Autocorrelation Robust Tests With Exponentiated Kernels," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(06), pages 1320-1368, December.
    8. Kiefer, Nicholas M. & Vogelsang, Timothy J., 2002. "Heteroskedasticity-Autocorrelation Robust Testing Using Bandwidth Equal To Sample Size," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(06), pages 1350-1366, December.
    9. Andrews, Donald W K, 1991. "Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 817-858, May.
    10. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
    11. Yixiao Sun & Min Seong Kim, 2015. "Asymptotic F-Test in a GMM Framework with Cross-Sectional Dependence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 97(1), pages 210-233, March.
    12. Michael Jansson, 2004. "The Error in Rejection Probability of Simple Autocorrelation Robust Tests," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(3), pages 937-946, May.
    13. Bester, C. Alan & Conley, Timothy G. & Hansen, Christian B. & Vogelsang, Timothy J., 2016. "FIXED-b ASYMPTOTICS FOR SPATIALLY DEPENDENT ROBUST NONPARAMETRIC COVARIANCE MATRIX ESTIMATORS," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(01), pages 154-186, February.
    14. Hwang, Jungbin & Sun, Yixiao, 2015. "Should We Go One Step Further? Â An Accurate Comparison of One-step and Two-step Procedures in a Generalized Method of Moments Framework," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt58r2z98m, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    15. Nicholas M. Kiefer & Timothy J. Vogelsang, 2002. "Heteroskedasticity-Autocorrelation Robust Standard Errors Using The Bartlett Kernel Without Truncation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(5), pages 2093-2095, September.
    16. Sun, Yixiao, 2014. "Fixed-smoothing Asymptotics and Asymptotic F and t Tests in the Presence of Strong Autocorrelation," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt8479f4s2, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    17. Gonçalves, Sílvia & Vogelsang, Timothy J., 2011. "Block Bootstrap Hac Robust Tests: The Sophistication Of The Naive Bootstrap," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(04), pages 745-791, August.
    18. Sun, Yixiao & Kim, Min Seong, 2012. "Simple and powerful GMM over-identification tests with accurate size," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(2), pages 267-281.
    19. Preinerstorfer, David & Pötscher, Benedikt M., 2016. "On Size And Power Of Heteroskedasticity And Autocorrelation Robust Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(02), pages 261-358, April.
    20. Zhang, Xianyang, 2016. "Fixed-smoothing asymptotics in the generalized empirical likelihood estimation framework," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 193(1), pages 123-146.
    21. Sun, Yixiao, 2014. "Let’s fix it: Fixed-b asymptotics versus small-b asymptotics in heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation robust inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 659-677.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Hwang, Jungbin & Sun, Yixiao, 2016. "Simple, Robust, and Accurate F and t Tests in Cointegrated Systems," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt82k1x4rd, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    2. Jungbin Hwang, 2017. "Simple and Trustworthy Cluster-Robust GMM Inference," Working papers 2017-19, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Social and Behavioral Sciences; Efficient GMM; F distribution; F test; Fixed-smoothing Asymptotics; Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Robust; Two-step GMM;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsdec:qt1c62d8xf. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.