Obstacles to Business, Technology Use, and Firms with Female Principal Owners in Kenya
Data on 778 establishments indicates that firms in Kenya rely on technologies such as computers, generators, and cell-phones to conduct operations when regulations, infrastructure, security, workforce, corruption, and finance pose significant hurdles in the business environment. Obstacles related to regulations, security, and workforce, increase the probability of technology ownership, whereas obstacles related to infrastructure in particular, reduces the probability that firms own technology. Results indicate that while all firms rely on technology in the face of regulatory and other obstacles, those with female principal owners experience net effects that are statistically distinct from those experienced by their counterparts. A gender-of-owner disaggregated Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition of differences in technology ownership indicates that up to 18% of the total gap is unexplained by differences in measurable characteristics between firms that are female-owned and those that are not, suggesting that female-owned firms may own technology to a higher level than is warranted by their observed covariates.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2010|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: MS032, P.O. Box 9110, Waltham, MA 02454-9110|
Web page: http://www.brandeis.edu/departments/economics/
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2008.
"Enforcement of labor regulation and firm size,"
Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes
43675, The World Bank.
- Amin, Mohammad, 2007.
"Are labor regulations driving computer usage in India's retail stores ?,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
4274, The World Bank.
- Amin, Mohammad, 2009. "Are labor regulations driving computer usage in India's retail stores?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(1), pages 45-48, January.
- Lall, Somik V. & Mengistae, Taye, 2005. "The impact of business environment and economic geography on plant-level productivity : an analysis of Indian industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3664, The World Bank.
- Nidhiya Menon & Paroma Sanyal, 2007.
"Labor Conflict and Foreign Investments: An Analysis of FDI in India,"
Review of Development Economics,
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 629-644, November.
- Nidhiya Menon & Paroma Sanyal, 2005. "Labor Conflict and Foreign Investments: An Analysis of FDI in India," Development and Comp Systems 0504006, EconWPA.
- Jenny Aker and Isaac M. Mbiti, 2010.
"Mobile Phones and Economic Development in Africa,"
211, Center for Global Development.
- Joeph Zeira & Alberto Alesina, 2007.
"Technology and Labor Regulations,"
0729, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
- Sanyal, Paroma & Menon, Nidhiya, 2005. "Labor Disputes and the Economics of Firm Geography: A Study of Domestic Investment in India," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(4), pages 825-854, July.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:brd:wpaper:20. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Leslie Yancich)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.