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A monetary model of factor utilisation

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  • Katharine S Neiss
  • Evi Pappa

Abstract

The propagation mechanism of monetary shocks in an otherwise standard sticky-price model is examined, modified to incorporate factor hoarding in the form of variable capital utilisation rates and labour effort. In contrast to previous studies, it is found that real effects of monetary shocks can be generated at relatively low degrees of nominal rigidity. Factor hoarding enriches the propagation mechanism by flattening the marginal cost responses to monetary shocks. The assumption of labour hoarding is crucial for generating persistence, while the assumption of variable capital utilisation allows the generation of realistic investment volatility, without having to introduce capital adjustment costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Katharine S Neiss & Evi Pappa, 2002. "A monetary model of factor utilisation," Bank of England working papers 154, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:154
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Stanley Fischer, 1989. "Lectures on Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262022834, January.
    2. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
    3. Stock, James H & Watson, Mark W, 1993. "A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Integrated Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(4), pages 783-820, July.
    4. McCallum, Bennett T & Nelson, Edward, 1999. "An Optimizing IS-LM Specification for Monetary Policy and Business Cycle Analysis," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 31(3), pages 296-316, August.
    5. Ellison, Martin & Scott, Andrew, 2000. "Sticky prices and volatile output," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 621-632, December.
    6. Julio Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1997. "An Optimization-Based Econometric Framework for the Evaluation of Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12, pages 297-361 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Katharine S. Neiss & Evi Pappa, 2005. "Persistence without too much price stickiness: the role of variable factor utilization," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 8(1), pages 231-255, January.
    2. Menner Martin, 2006. "A Search-Theoretic Monetary Business Cycle Model with Capital Formation," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(1), pages 1-36, November.
    3. Canova, Fabio, 2002. "Validating Monetary DSGE Models through VARs," CEPR Discussion Papers 3442, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Juan Paez-Farrell, 2003. "Monetary Policy and Business Cycle Analysis in an Optimising Model with Expectations Lags," Macroeconomics 0312002, EconWPA.
    5. Hasan Bakhshi & Pablo Burriel-Llombart, 2003. "Endogenous Price Stickiness, Trend Inflation, and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Computing in Economics and Finance 2003 12, Society for Computational Economics.
    6. Jens Larsen & Katharine Neiss & Fergal Shortall, 2002. "Factor utilisation and productivity estimates for the United Kingdom," Bank of England working papers 162, Bank of England.
    7. M. Marzo, 2004. "Volatility Matters: Taylor Rules and Capital Accumulation," Working Papers 512, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.

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