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Search and Matching in the Labor Market without Unemployment Insurance

  • Francesc Obiols-Homs
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    We study the effect of market incompleteness in a search model of the labor market in which the distribution of idiosyncratic uncertainty is determined endogenously. We show that costly search introduces a wealth effect at low levels of wealth such that poor agents may find optimal not to look for a job. The combination of this effect with the usual one at higher wealth levels implies that in the long run equilibrium all agents remain out of the labor force and thus there is no production. This equilibrium is at odds with the one obtained under complete markets, and with the one obtained in other incomplete markets assuming that idiosyncratic uncertainty is "policy invariant" (or invariant to the market arrangement). We finally use numerical methods to obtain quantitative predictions in a version of the model in which only rich agents may choose not to search. The effect of the market arrangement remains dramatically large.

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    File URL: http://www.barcelonagse.eu/sites/default/files/working_paper_pdfs/670.pdf
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    Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 670.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:670
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    1. Albert Marcet & Francesc Obiols-Homs & Philippe Weil, 2007. "Incomplete Markets, Labor Supply and Capital Accumulation," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/8623, Sciences Po.
    2. Schechtman, Jack & Escudero, Vera L. S., 1977. "Some results on "an income fluctuation problem"," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 151-166, December.
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    6. Conesa, Juan Carlos & Kitao, Sagiri & Krueger, Dirk, 2006. "Taxing Capital? Not a Bad Idea After All!," CEPR Discussion Papers 5929, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Huggett, Mark, 1997. "The one-sector growth model with idiosyncratic shocks: Steady states and dynamics," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 385-403, August.
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    9. James S. Costain & Michael Reiter, 2003. "Business Cycles, Unemployment Insurance, and the Calibration of Matching Models," CESifo Working Paper Series 1008, CESifo Group Munich.
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    12. Krueger, Alan B. & Mueller, Andreas I., 2011. "Job Search and Job Finding in a Period of Mass Unemployment: Evidence from High-Frequency Longitudinal Data," IZA Discussion Papers 5450, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Imrohoruglu, Ayse, 1989. "Cost of Business Cycles with Indivisibilities and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1364-83, December.
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    15. Krusell, Per & Mukoyama, Toshihiko & Sahin, Aysegul, 2009. "Labor-Market Matching with Precautionary Savings and Aggregate Fluctuations," CEPR Discussion Papers 7429, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. Juan C. Conesa & Dirk Krueger, 1999. "Social Security Reform with Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(4), pages 757-795, October.
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    18. Merz, Monika, 1995. "Search in the labor market and the real business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 269-300, November.
    19. repec:fth:starer:8415 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
    21. Gary Chamberlain & Charles A. Wilson, 2000. "Optimal Intertemporal Consumption Under Uncertainty," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 3(3), pages 365-395, July.
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    23. Athreya, Kartik B., 2002. "Welfare implications of the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1999," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(8), pages 1567-1595, November.
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