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La Vivienda como Colateral:Política Monetaria, Precios de la Vivienda y Consumo en Colombia

  • Martha López P.

    ()

En este documento se calibra un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico para el sector de vivienda en Colombia. El modelo tiene en cuenta el papel de las fricciones del mercado de crédito en la explicación del ciclo económico. La vivienda sirve dos propósitos: El de proveer servicios de vivienda y el de servir como colateral para diminuir los costos de financiamiento relativos a la actividad de pedir prestado. Con el modelo se pretende mostrar la relación existente entre la hoja de balance de los hogares, la inversión en vivienda, los precios de la misma y el consumo. Se encuentra evidencia empírica de que existe un mecanismo de acelerador financiero en la inversión en vivienda y de que el consumo de los hogares responde a los efectos de la hoja de balance. En la década de los noventa, el mecanismo de acelerador financiero explica cerca del cuarenta por ciento de la respuesta máxima de la inversión en vivienda y de los precios de la misma ante un choque en tasas de interés. Finalmente, se hace un experimento para capturar la forma como desde 2000 el mecanismo de acelerador financiero se ve afectado por un cambio estructural en el mercado de financiación de vivienda.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 299.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:299
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  1. Leonardo Villar & Hernán Rincón, 2001. "Flujos De Capital Y Régimenes Cambiarios En La Década De Los 90," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  2. Alejandro Badel & Mauricio Cárdenas, 2003. "La crisis de financiamiento hipotecario en Colombia: causas y consecuencias," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7642, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Aoki, Kosuke & Proudman, James & Vlieghe, Gertjan, 2004. "House prices, consumption, and monetary policy: a financial accelerator approach," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 414-435, October.
  4. Bernanke, B. & Gertler, M. & Gilchrist, S., 1998. "The Financial Accelerator in a Quantitative Business Cycle Framework," Working Papers 98-03, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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