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El mercado importador en Colombia y las firmas que importan

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge García-García
  • Enrique Montes-Uribe
  • Juan Sebastián Silva-Rodríguez
  • Héctor M. Zárate-Solano

Abstract

Los estudios sobre exportaciones a nivel de firmas abundan en Colombia, pero son escasos los estudios sobre el mercado importador y las firmas que importan. Este trabajo busca cerrar esa brecha describiendo el mercado importador, la dinámica importadora de las firmas y el papel que jugaron en ese mercado en el periodo 1995-2019. Para hacerlo, el estudio usa la información disponible en la declaración de importación (DIAN Formulario 500) que los importadores deben hacer para poder nacionalizar la mercancía. El estudio encuentra que el mercado de importaciones presenta gran heterogeneidad, pocos agentes responden por un alto porcentaje del valor importado; muchos importadores compran bienes por bajos montos; las firmas tienen unas altas tasas de entrada y de salida; un pequeño número de firmas importaron todos los años; y los productos que no se importan tienen más medidas no arancelarias que aquellos que se importan. **** ABSTRACT: Numerous studies exist about exports at the firm level in Colombia, but only a few exist about the market for imports and the importing firms. This study seeks to fill that gap by looking at the dynamics of imports, the market for imports and the role of importing firms in Colombia between 1995 and 2019. The study uses the information in the import declaration (Form DIAN 500) that importers have to present to Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales (DIAN) to clear imports from customs. The study finds that the import market in Colombia is quite heterogenous; few economic agents account for a large share of the imported value; a large number of small importers purchase small amounts of foreign goods; firms have a high rate of entry and exit in the import market; a small share of firms imported every year; and commodities not imported have a larger number of tariff measures than the imported ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge García-García & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Juan Sebastián Silva-Rodríguez & Héctor M. Zárate-Solano, 2022. "El mercado importador en Colombia y las firmas que importan," Borradores de Economia 1208, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1208
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1208
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    2. Jonathan Eaton, Marcela Eslava, Maurice Kugler,James Tybout, 1970. "Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence," Working Papers eg0036, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 1970.
    3. Jorge García-García & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Iader Giraldo-Salazar (ed.), 2019. "Comercio exterior en Colombia: política, instituciones, costos y resultados," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2019-isbn:9789586644068.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Comercio internacional; importaciones; medidas no arancelarias; arancel; política comercial; International trade; imports; non-tariff measures; tariff; trade policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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