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Una nota sobre la evolución de la estructura arancelaria de Colombia 2002-2014

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  • Víctor Manuel Nieto

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Abstract

El presente documento tiene como objetivo presentar un panorama general sobre el desarrollo de la política arancelaria entre 2002 y 2014. Para ello, se revisó la evolución del Arancel Externo Común (AEC) de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN) y de las modificaciones normativas recomendadas por el Comité de Asuntos Aduaneros, Arancelarios y de Comercio Exterior. Se concluye que desde el momento en el que Colombia no tuvo la obligación de cumplir con el AEC, el Gobierno nacional pudo realizar una política arancelaria más activa. Además, mediante el cálculo del Arancel Nominal Ponderado por Tiempo, que capta las modificaciones normativas realizadas durante cada año, se muestra que el arancel nominal promedio anual ha tenido tendencia decreciente desde 2008 y que se ubicó en un nivel promedio de 6% en 2014. Finalmente, el inventario de modificaciones normativas elaborado muestra que el arancel nominal es un instrumento de política comercial de vital importancia, ya que permite al Gobierno nacional enfrentar cambios en la dinámica de crecimiento del país.

Suggested Citation

  • Víctor Manuel Nieto, 2016. "Una nota sobre la evolución de la estructura arancelaria de Colombia 2002-2014," TIEMPO & ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE BOGOTA JORGE TADEO LOZANO, vol. 3(2), pages 79-113, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000485:015046
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21789/24222704.1135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Política comercial; aranceles; política industrial; evaluación de política;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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