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Hidden benefits of peace: The case of sexual violence


  • Ana Maria Diaz

    (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana)

  • Luz Magdalena Salas

    (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana)

  • Ana María Tribín-Uribe

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)


This paper studies the effect on sexual violence of Colombia’s recent peace negotiation between the government and the FARC insurgency. Using a matcheddifference-in-differences identification strategy, we find a significant reduction in sexual violence, measured as the count of sexual assaults per 100 thousand inhabitants, two years after the peace process was signed. During conflict, the rate of sexual violence was higher in municipalities with former FARC activity in contrast with municipalities in peace and remained higher immediately after the peace process was signed. However, two years after the signing of the agreement, the incidence of sexual assaults reduced significantly in the former FARC municipalities. **** RESUMEN: Este artículo estudia el efecto sobre la violencia sexual de la reciente negociación de paz de Colombia entre el gobierno y la insurgencia de las FARC. Usamos el método de diferencia en diferencias emparejadas como estrategia de identificación y encontramos una reducción significativa en la violencia sexual, medida como recuento de agresiones sexuales por cada 100 mil habitantes, dos años después de la firma del proceso de paz. Durante el conflicto, la tasa de violencia sexual fue mayor en los municipios que solían tener actividad armada de las FARC en contraste con los municipios sin presencia de este grupo y se mantuvo alta inmediatamente después de que se firmó el proceso de paz. Sin embargo, dos años después de la firma del acuerdo, La incidencia de agresiones sexuales se redujo significativamente en los antiguos municipios de las FARC.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Maria Diaz & Luz Magdalena Salas & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2020. "Hidden benefits of peace: The case of sexual violence," Borradores de Economia 1124, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1124

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Sexual assaults; demobilization; FARC; Colombia; Peace Process; postconflict; violencia sexual; desmovilización; FARC; Colombia; proceso de paz; post-conflicto.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions

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