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The continuous time random walk formalism in financial markets

  • J. Masoliver
  • M. Montero
  • J. Perello
  • G. H. Weiss

We adapt continuous time random walk (CTRW) formalism to describe asset price evolution and discuss some of the problems that can be treated using this approach. We basically focus on two aspects: (i) the derivation of the price distribution from high-frequency data, and (ii) the inverse problem, obtaining information on the market microstructure as reflected by high-frequency data knowing only the daily volatility. We apply the formalism to financial data to show that the CTRW offers alternative tools to deal with several complex issues of financial markets.

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File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0611138
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Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number physics/0611138.

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Date of creation: Nov 2006
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Publication status: Published in Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization 61 (2006) 577-598.
Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:physics/0611138
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://arxiv.org/

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  1. Mainardi, Francesco & Raberto, Marco & Gorenflo, Rudolf & Scalas, Enrico, 2000. "Fractional calculus and continuous-time finance II: the waiting-time distribution," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 287(3), pages 468-481.
  2. Cox, John C. & Ross, Stephen A., 1976. "The valuation of options for alternative stochastic processes," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 145-166.
  3. Parameswaran Gopikrishnan & Vasiliki Plerou & Luis A. Nunes Amaral & Martin Meyer & H. Eugene Stanley, 1999. "Scaling of the distribution of fluctuations of financial market indices," Papers cond-mat/9905305, arXiv.org.
  4. R. Kutner & F. Switała, 2003. "Stochastic simulations of time series within Weierstrass-Mandelbrot walks," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 201-211.
  5. Enrico Scalas & Rudolf Gorenflo & Francesco Mainardi, 2000. "Fractional calculus and continuous-time finance," Papers cond-mat/0001120, arXiv.org.
  6. Eugene F. Fama, 1963. "Mandelbrot and the Stable Paretian Hypothesis," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36, pages 420.
  7. Merton, Robert C., 1976. "Option pricing when underlying stock returns are discontinuous," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 125-144.
  8. Raberto, Marco & Scalas, Enrico & Mainardi, Francesco, 2002. "Waiting-times and returns in high-frequency financial data: an empirical study," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 314(1), pages 749-755.
  9. V. Plerou & P. Gopikrishnan & L. A. N. Amaral & M. Meyer & H. E. Stanley, 1999. "Scaling of the distribution of price fluctuations of individual companies," Papers cond-mat/9907161, arXiv.org.
  10. Jaume Masoliver & Miquel Montero & George H. Weiss, 2002. "A continuous time random walk model for financial distributions," Papers cond-mat/0210513, arXiv.org.
  11. Benoit Mandelbrot, 1963. "The Variation of Certain Speculative Prices," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36, pages 394.
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