IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/arx/papers/0903.1525.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The empirical properties of large covariance matrices

Author

Listed:
  • Gilles Zumbach

Abstract

The salient properties of large empirical covariance and correlation matrices are studied for three datasets of size 54, 55 and 330. The covariance is defined as a simple cross product of the returns, with weights that decay logarithmically slowly. The key general properties of the covariance matrices are the following. The spectrum of the covariance is very static, except for the top three to ten eigenvalues, and decay exponentially fast toward zero. The mean spectrum and spectral density show no particular feature that would separate "meaningful" from "noisy" eigenvalues. The spectrum of the correlation is more static, with three to five eigenvalues that have distinct dynamics. The mean projector of rank k on the leading subspace shows instead that most of the dynamics occur in the eigenvectors, including deep in the spectrum. Together, this implies that the reduction of the covariance to a few leading eigenmodes misses most of the dynamics, and that a covariance estimator correctly evaluates both volatilities and correlations.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles Zumbach, 2009. "The empirical properties of large covariance matrices," Papers 0903.1525, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0903.1525
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0903.1525
    File Function: Latest version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marc Potters & Jean-Philippe Bouchaud & Laurent Laloux, 2005. "Financial Applications of Random Matrix Theory: Old Laces and New Pieces," Science & Finance (CFM) working paper archive 500058, Science & Finance, Capital Fund Management.
    2. Gilles Zumbach, 2004. "Volatility processes and volatility forecast with long memory," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 70-86.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Massimiliano Caporin & Michael McAleer, 2011. "Ranking Multivariate GARCH Models by Problem Dimension: An Empirical Evaluation," Working Papers in Economics 11/23, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    2. Caporin, Massimiliano & McAleer, Michael, 2014. "Robust ranking of multivariate GARCH models by problem dimension," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 172-185.
    3. Nikolaus Hautsch & Lada M. Kyj & Roel C. A. Oomen, 2012. "A blocking and regularization approach to high‐dimensional realized covariance estimation," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(4), pages 625-645, June.
    4. Romain Allez & Jean-Philippe Bouchaud, 2012. "Eigenvector dynamics: general theory and some applications," Papers 1203.6228, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2012.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0903.1525. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (arXiv administrators). General contact details of provider: http://arxiv.org/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.