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True and Apparent Scaling: The Proximity of the Markov-Switching Multifractal Model to Long-Range Dependence

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  • Ruipeng Liu
  • T. Di Matteo
  • Thomas Lux

Abstract

In this paper, we consider daily financial data of a collection of different stock market indices, exchange rates, and interest rates, and we analyze their multi-scaling properties by estimating a simple specification of the Markov-switching multifractal model (MSM). In order to see how well the estimated models capture the temporal dependence of the data, we estimate and compare the scaling exponents $H(q)$ (for $q = 1, 2$) for both empirical data and simulated data of the estimated MSM models. In most cases the multifractal model appears to generate `apparent' long memory in agreement with the empirical scaling laws.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruipeng Liu & T. Di Matteo & Thomas Lux, 2007. "True and Apparent Scaling: The Proximity of the Markov-Switching Multifractal Model to Long-Range Dependence," Papers 0704.1338, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0704.1338
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Calvet, Laurent & Fisher, Adlai, 2001. "Forecasting multifractal volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 27-58, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nasr, Adnen Ben & Lux, Thomas & Ajmi, Ahdi Noomen & Gupta, Rangan, 2016. "Forecasting the volatility of the Dow Jones Islamic Stock Market Index: Long memory vs. regime switching," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 559-571.
    2. Mawuli Segnon & Thomas Lux & Rangan Gupta, 2015. "Modeling and Forecasting Carbon Dioxide Emission Allowance Spot Price Volatility: Multifractal vs. GARCH-Type Volatility Models," Working Papers 201550, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    3. Lux, Thomas & Morales-Arias, Leonardo, 2009. "Forecasting volatility under fractality, regime-switching, long memory and student-t innovations," Kiel Working Papers 1532, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Mulligan, Robert F., 2014. "Multifractality of sectoral price indices: Hurst signature analysis of Cantillon effects in disequilibrium factor markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 403(C), pages 252-264.
    5. Segnon, Mawuli & Lux, Thomas, 2013. "Multifractal models in finance: Their origin, properties, and applications," Kiel Working Papers 1860, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Lux, Thomas & Morales-Arias, Leonardo & Sattarhoff, Cristina, 2011. "A Markov-switching multifractal approach to forecasting realized volatility," Kiel Working Papers 1737, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    7. Raffaello Morales & T. Di Matteo & Ruggero Gramatica & Tomaso Aste, 2011. "Dynamical Hurst exponent as a tool to monitor unstable periods in financial time series," Papers 1109.0465, arXiv.org.
    8. Mulligan, Robert F., 2017. "The multifractal character of capacity utilization over the business cycle: An application of Hurst signature analysis," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 147-152.
    9. Lux, Thomas & Segnon, Mawuli & Gupta, Rangan, 2016. "Forecasting crude oil price volatility and value-at-risk: Evidence from historical and recent data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 117-133.
    10. Morales, Raffaello & Di Matteo, T. & Aste, Tomaso, 2013. "Non-stationary multifractality in stock returns," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(24), pages 6470-6483.
    11. Pakrashi, Vikram & Kelly, Joe & Harkin, Julie & Farrell, Aidan, 2013. "Hurst exponent footprints from activities on a large structural system," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(8), pages 1803-1817.
    12. Mawuli Segnon & Stelios Bekiros & Bernd Wilfling, 2018. "Forecasting Inflation Uncertainty in the G7 Countries," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 1-25, April.
    13. Lux, Thomas & Morales-Arias, Leonardo, 2010. "Forecasting volatility under fractality, regime-switching, long memory and student-t innovations," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(11), pages 2676-2692, November.
    14. Wei, Yu & Wang, Yudong & Huang, Dengshi, 2011. "A copula–multifractal volatility hedging model for CSI 300 index futures," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(23), pages 4260-4272.
    15. Thomas Lux & Mawuli K. Segnon & Rangan Gupta, 2015. "Modeling and Forecasting Crude Oil Price Volatility: Evidence from Historical and Recent Data," Working Papers 201511, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    16. Barunik, Jozef & Aste, Tomaso & Di Matteo, T. & Liu, Ruipeng, 2012. "Understanding the source of multifractality in financial markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(17), pages 4234-4251.
    17. Liu, Yufang & Zhang, Weiguo & Fu, Junhui, 2016. "Binomial Markov-Switching Multifractal model with Skewed t innovations and applications to Chinese SSEC Index," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 462(C), pages 56-66.
    18. Lux, Thomas & Morales-Arias, Leonardo, 2010. "Relative forecasting performance of volatility models: Monte Carlo evidence," Kiel Working Papers 1582, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    19. Riccardo Junior Buonocore & Tomaso Aste & Tiziana Di Matteo, 2015. "Measuring multiscaling in financial time-series," Papers 1509.05471, arXiv.org, revised Sep 2015.
    20. Malo, Pekka, 2009. "Modeling electricity spot and futures price dependence: A multifrequency approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(22), pages 4763-4779.
    21. Morales, Raffaello & Di Matteo, T. & Gramatica, Ruggero & Aste, Tomaso, 2012. "Dynamical generalized Hurst exponent as a tool to monitor unstable periods in financial time series," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(11), pages 3180-3189.
    22. Segnon, Mawuli & Lux, Thomas & Gupta, Rangan, 2017. "Modeling and forecasting the volatility of carbon dioxide emission allowance prices: A review and comparison of modern volatility models," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 692-704.

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