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Career Duration in the NHL: Bias against Europeans?

Author

Listed:
  • Craig A. Depken II
  • Johnny Ducking
  • Peter A. Groothuis

Abstract

Using a panel of National Hockey League players from 2000 through 2010, we analyze the determinants of career length in the league. In our analysis, we include both performance variables and nationality of origin to determine their importance in determining career length. We find that European-born players have shorter careers than do North American-born players holding performance constant and Russian-born players have even shorter careers than other Europeans. We further explore if the empirical evidence of a shorter career is consistent with exit discrimination on the part of team owners or with foreign-born players voluntarily returning home to end their careers in European leagues. Key Words: National Hockey League, exit discrimination, professional sports, foreign workers

Suggested Citation

  • Craig A. Depken II & Johnny Ducking & Peter A. Groothuis, 2015. "Career Duration in the NHL: Bias against Europeans?," Working Papers 15-09, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:apl:wpaper:15-09
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    File URL: http://econ.appstate.edu/RePEc/pdf/wp1509.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Borjas, George J & Bratsberg, Bernt, 1996. "Who Leaves? The Outmigration of the Foreign-Born," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(1), pages 165-176, February.
    2. Tom Christie & Marc Lavoie, 2015. "Entry Discrimination in the NHL: Evolution and the KHL Effect," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 41(2), pages 214-229, March.
    3. Marc Lavoie & Gilles Grenier & Serge Coulombe, 1987. "Discrimination and Performance Differentials in the National Hockey League," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 13(4), pages 407-422, December.
    4. Nahid Aslanbeigui & Veronica Montecinos, 1998. "Foreign Students in U.S. Doctoral Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 171-182, Summer.
    5. Johnny Ducking & Peter Groothuis & James Hill, 2015. "Exit Discrimination in the NFL: A Duration Analysis of Career Length," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 285-299, September.
    6. Holmes, Paul, 2011. "New evidence of salary discrimination in major league baseball," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 320-331, June.
    7. Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2008. "Exit Discrimination in Major League Baseball: 1990–2004," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 574-590, October.
    8. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 75-94, Summer.
    9. Gwartney, James & Haworth, Charles, 1974. "Employer Costs and Discrimination: The Case of Baseball," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(4), pages 873-881, July/Aug..
    10. Kevin Mongeon & Neil Longley, 2015. "Testing for Ethnicity Discrimination among NHL Referees: A Duration Model Approach," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 41(1), pages 86-101, January.
    11. Johnny Ducking & Peter Groothuis & James Hill, 2015. "Exit Discrimination in the NFL: A Duration Analysis of Career Length," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 285-299, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2015. "Exit Discrimination in the NBA. Is there a Bias against Foreigners?," Working Papers 15-10, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, revised 2015.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Z22 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics - - - Labor Issues
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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