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Evaluating contract enforcement by courts in India: a litigant's lens


  • Pavithra Manivannan

    (XKDR Forum)

  • Susan Thomas

    (XKDR Forum and Jindal Global Business School)

  • Bhargavi Zaveri

    (National University of Singapore)


The literature on the performance evaluation of the judiciary captures the perspectives of judges, researchers and court administrators. However, it is not obvious if a litigant who proposes to access the judiciary for the resolution of a dispute would use the same or similar metrics when evaluating the performance of courts. In this paper, we review the global literature that evaluates the performance of the judiciary and identify which of the metrics in the literature would directly matter to a litigant who proposes to access the courts for redress. Using the litigant's expectations as performance metrics, we develop an evaluative framework for comparing similar courts. Our work creates the foundation for developing an information system that could potentially help litigants make informed choices when approaching courts.

Suggested Citation

  • Pavithra Manivannan & Susan Thomas & Bhargavi Zaveri, 2022. "Evaluating contract enforcement by courts in India: a litigant's lens," Working Papers 16, xKDR.
  • Handle: RePEc:anf:wpaper:16

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wasseem Mina, 2006. "Does contract enforcement matter for international lending?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(6), pages 359-364.
    2. Giuliana Palumbo & Giulia Giupponi & Luca Nunziata & Juan S. Mora-Sanguinetti, 2013. "Judicial Performance and its Determinants: A Cross-Country Perspective," OECD Economic Policy Papers 5, OECD Publishing.
    3. Regy, Prasanth V. & Roy, Shubho, 2017. "Understanding Judicial Delays in Debt Tribunals," Working Papers 17/195, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    4. William M. Landes, 1974. "An Economic Analysis of the Courts," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 164-214, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    7. Juan S. Mora-Sanguinetti & Marta Martínez-Matute & Miguel García-Posada, 2017. "Credit, crisis and contract enforcement: evidence from the Spanish loan market," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 361-383, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pavithra Manivannan & Geetika Palta & Susan Thomas & Bhargavi Zaveri-Shah, 2023. "Evaluating courts from a litigant's perspective: A project report," Working Papers 29, xKDR.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • K - Law and Economics
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process

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