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Protecting the Environment in Transitional Situations


  • Tisdell, Clement A.


Discusses the possible relevance of the Kuznets environmental curve to centrally planned economies and compares their situation with that for market economies. Claims that Kuznets environmental curves apply to ‘normal’ situations and so give little guide to environmental impacts of economies in transition. Difficulties encountered in protecting the environment in transitional situations are given special consideration. The environmental experiences of Eastern and Central Europe, Russia and China are discussed. Their different methods of social and economic transformation and varied economic fortunes have had divergent environmental consequences in these countries. When negative economic growth has occurred in transition over a long period, as in Russia, the natural environment has suffered. However, as explained, the situation is complex. In the conclusion, some attention is given to the environmental situation of African countries in transition. Their transitional processes, like that of many other countries, are driven by international financial pressure to adopt structural adjustment policies. It is noted that the consequences of transition depend very much on whether the ‘American’ laissez-faire ideal of a market economy is adopted or the ‘German’ social order market-model and on whether transition is gradualistic or suddenly forced without adequate internal institution-building

Suggested Citation

  • Tisdell, Clement A., 1998. "Protecting the Environment in Transitional Situations," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 47953, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uqseee:47953

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barbier, Edward B., 1997. "Introduction to the environmental Kuznets curve special issue," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 357-367, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tisdell, Clement A., 2003. "Notes on Market Failure and the Paretian (Kaldor-Hicks) Relevance and Irrelevance of Unfavourable Externalities," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 48970, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    2. Tisdell, Clement A. & Bandara, Ranjith, 2004. "Tourism as a contributor to development in Sri Lanka: An overview and a case study," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 48975, University of Queensland, School of Economics.


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