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The Changing Food Assistance Landscape: The Food Stamp Program in a Post-Welfare Reform Environment

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  • Gundersen, Craig
  • LeBlanc, Michael
  • Kuhn, Betsey A.

Abstract

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) dramatically transformed and continues to transform the food assistance landscape in the United States. The Act cut more funds from the Food Stamp Program than it did from any other program, through reductions in benefits per person and restrictions in eligibility. Despite these cuts, food stamps now have a more prominent role in the post-welfare reform social safety net because the largest cash-assistance entitlement program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), was replaced with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, a nonentitlement program. This leaves the Food Stamp Program as one of the only remaining entitlement programs available to almost all low-income households.

Suggested Citation

  • Gundersen, Craig & LeBlanc, Michael & Kuhn, Betsey A., 1999. "The Changing Food Assistance Landscape: The Food Stamp Program in a Post-Welfare Reform Environment," Agricultural Economics Reports 33993, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerser:33993
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Rebecca M. Blank & Patricia Ruggles, 1996. "When Do Women Use Aid to Families with Dependent Children and Food Stamps? The Dynamics of Eligibility Versus Participation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 57-89.
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    6. D. R. Meyer & M. Cancian, "undated". "Life after Welfare: The Economic Well-Being of Women and Children Following an Exit from AFDC," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1101-96, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    7. Moffitt, Robert A., 1984. "The effects of grants-in-aid on state and local expenditures : The case of AFDC," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 279-305, April.
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    12. Betsey A. Kuhn & Michael LeBlanc & Craig Gundersen, 1997. "The Food Stamp Program, Welfare Reform, and the Aggregate Economy," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1595-1599.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beth Osborne Daponte & Amelia Haviland & Joseph B. Kadane, 2001. "To What Degree Does Food Assistance Help Poor Households Acquire Enough Food?," JCPR Working Papers 236, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    2. Beatrice Lorge Rogers & Jennifer Coates, 2002. "Food-Based Safety Nets and Related Programs," Working Papers in Food Policy and Nutrition 12, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.
    3. Tegegne, Fisseha & Muhammad, Safdar & Ekanem, Enefiok P., 2004. "Factors Affecting Participation In The Food Stamp Program In Tennessee," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 35(01), March.

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