Sustentabilidade e meio ambiente no Brasil: uma análise a partir da curva de Kuznets
O presente trabalho investigou a validade hipótese da Curva de Kuznets – CK, sobre variáveis que se apresentam como Proxy ambiental, e que indicam a sustentabilidade, para os municípios brasileiros para os anos de 1991 e 2000. As variáveis Proxy do meio ambiente foram representadas pelo déficit em água potável, déficit em saneamento básico e déficit na coleta de lixo, outras variáveis, que representam o desenvolvimento sustentável foram taxa de mortalidade infantil, déficit na alfabetização de adultos e expectativa de vida e renda per capita. Todos os resultados indicam que a hipótese de Kuznets não é válida, indicando que essa hipótese é limitada para explicar a questão ambiental e a sustentabilidade nos municípios brasileiros. This paper investigated the validity of the Kuznets hypothesis Curves - KC on variables that are presented as environmental Proxy, and indicate that the sustainability for the Brazilian roughly for the years 1991-2000. The environmental Proxy variables were represented by the deficit in drinking water, sanitation and the collection of garbage, other variables, which represent sustainable development were mortality infant rate, the deficit of adult literacy and life expectancy and per capita income. All results indicate that the Kuznets assumption is not valid, indicating that this hypothesis is limited to explain the environmental and sustainability in Brazilian roughly.
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