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Sustentabilidade e meio ambiente no Brasil: uma análise a partir da curva de Kuznets

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  • Sousa, Alexandre Gervasio
  • Araujo, Aracy Alves
  • Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos
  • Santos, Francivane Teles Pampolha Dos
  • Diniz, Marvelo Bentes

Abstract

O presente trabalho investigou a validade hipótese da Curva de Kuznets – CK, sobre variáveis que se apresentam como Proxy ambiental, e que indicam a sustentabilidade, para os municípios brasileiros para os anos de 1991 e 2000. As variáveis Proxy do meio ambiente foram representadas pelo déficit em água potável, déficit em saneamento básico e déficit na coleta de lixo, outras variáveis, que representam o desenvolvimento sustentável foram taxa de mortalidade infantil, déficit na alfabetização de adultos e expectativa de vida e renda per capita. Todos os resultados indicam que a hipótese de Kuznets não é válida, indicando que essa hipótese é limitada para explicar a questão ambiental e a sustentabilidade nos municípios brasileiros. This paper investigated the validity of the Kuznets hypothesis Curves - KC on variables that are presented as environmental Proxy, and indicate that the sustainability for the Brazilian roughly for the years 1991-2000. The environmental Proxy variables were represented by the deficit in drinking water, sanitation and the collection of garbage, other variables, which represent sustainable development were mortality infant rate, the deficit of adult literacy and life expectancy and per capita income. All results indicate that the Kuznets assumption is not valid, indicating that this hypothesis is limited to explain the environmental and sustainability in Brazilian roughly.

Suggested Citation

  • Sousa, Alexandre Gervasio & Araujo, Aracy Alves & Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos & Santos, Francivane Teles Pampolha Dos & Diniz, Marvelo Bentes, 2008. "Sustentabilidade e meio ambiente no Brasil: uma análise a partir da curva de Kuznets," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 103103, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:103103
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John Thornton, 2001. "The Kuznets inverted-U hypothesis: panel data evidence from 96 countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 15-16.
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    3. William T. Harbaugh & Arik Levinson & David Molloy Wilson, 2002. "Reexamining The Empirical Evidence For An Environmental Kuznets Curve," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(3), pages 541-551, August.
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    12. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
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