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Would more extensive out-migration of rural farmers expedite farm mechanization? Evidence from a changing Chinese agricultural sector

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  • Luo, Tianyuan
  • Escalante, Cesar

Abstract

Changes in agricultural population can significantly influence the progress of mechanization, which provides efficient momentum to the further development of agriculture. We examine the effect of the declining agricultural population on mechanization and determine the variables that have decisive power over mechanical adoption decisions. This analysis of a panel data of top six out-migration provinces in China under a fixed effect model, we find that the overly fast and unusual decline in agricultural population actually slowed down the progress of mechanization, and the many years of large scale out-migration encouraged by government actually jeopardized sustainable agricultural development. Results underscore the need for considerable attention on the growth of annual farm incomes and agricultural products import that could have substantial effects on agricultural mechanization decisions.

Suggested Citation

  • Luo, Tianyuan & Escalante, Cesar, 2015. "Would more extensive out-migration of rural farmers expedite farm mechanization? Evidence from a changing Chinese agricultural sector," 2015 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2015, Atlanta, Georgia 196791, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:saea15:196791
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.196791
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/196791/files/SAEA%20Chinese%20mechanization%20Tianyuan%20Luo.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Adams, Dale W, 1969. "Rural Migration and Agricultural Development in Colombia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 527-539, July.
    2. Cleaver, Harry M, Jr, 1972. "The Contradictions of the Green Revolution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(2), pages 177-186, May.
    3. Mendola, Mariapia, 2008. "Migration and technological change in rural households: Complements or substitutes?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1-2), pages 150-175, February.
    4. Van den Berg, M. Marrit & Hengsdijk, Huib & Wolf, Joost & Van Ittersum, Martin K. & Guanghuo, Wang & Roetter, Reimund P., 2007. "The impact of increasing farm size and mechanization on rural income and rice production in Zhejiang province, China," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 94(3), pages 841-850, June.
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    Keywords

    Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

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