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Irrigation and farm efficiency in Brazil

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  • Morais, G.
  • Braga, J.M.

Abstract

The main goal of this paper is to evaluate how irrigated areas with flooding, furrows, sprinkler, centralpivot, drip and other methods of irrigation as well as the source of water used to irrigation influence the technical efficiency. Furthermore, we evaluate the behavior of the technical efficiency by farm size. The TE scores are obtained through the Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA), which simultaneously models the production technical inefficiency. The results showed that, initially, there is a positive and linear relationship between efficiency and farm size, however, when the farms reaches 100 hectares the relationship becomes inverse, characterizing U-inverted shape. In general, the irrigated areas with different methods of irrigation and the source of the water have a positive influence on the technical efficiency of farmers. Other factors such as cooperatives membership, education, experience and rural credit also have a positive influence on efficiency. Finally, we conclude that large farmers are less efficient than small-scale farmers.

Suggested Citation

  • Morais, G. & Braga, J.M., 2018. "Irrigation and farm efficiency in Brazil," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 275987, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:275987
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    9. Boris Bravo-Ureta & Daniel Solís & Víctor Moreira López & José Maripani & Abdourahmane Thiam & Teodoro Rivas, 2007. "Technical efficiency in farming: a meta-regression analysis," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 57-72, February.
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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; International Development;

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