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Explicando as diferenças na produtividade agrícola no Brasil


  • Ajax R. B. Moreira
  • Steve M. Helfand
  • Adriano M. R. Figueiredo


This paper uses the agricultural census micro data of 1995-1996 to calculate, for each of the five Brazilian macro regions, the difference in total factor productivity (TFP), with two cleavages: family farmers and input-intensive farmers. This difference in TFP is explained regarding to variables of size, supply of public goods and access to institutions, and local variables measured directly or through a municipality fixed effect. The results point out to: a) the inverse relationship between land productivity and size, a stylized fact in the literature, is verified in all regions, but the inverse relationship regarding TFP and size is verified only to North, Northeast and Southeast and for the non-intensive in other regions; b) the family farmer has higher land productivity in seven of ten cases but lower TFP in eight of ten cases. Most of this difference is due to non-observable variables; and c) the intensive-type farmer is more productive in regions and non-observable variables explain part of the difference in productivity against their counterparts.

Suggested Citation

  • Ajax R. B. Moreira & Steve M. Helfand & Adriano M. R. Figueiredo, 2007. "Explicando as diferenças na produtividade agrícola no Brasil," Discussion Papers 1254, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1254

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    Cited by:

    1. Steven M. Helfand & Marcelo M. Magalha¿es & Nicholas E. Rada, 2015. "Brazil's Agricultural Total Factor Productivity Growth by Farm Size," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7232, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Helfand, Steven M. & Magalhaes, Marcelo M. & Rada, Nicholas E., 2015. "Brazil's Agricultural Total Factor Productivity Growth by Farm Size," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 204875, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.

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