Sufficiency and Sustainability of Agroforestry: What Matters: Today or Tomorrow?
This paper1 investigates the determinants and impact of agroforestry for smallholders in rural Tanzania. Two questions are addressed: (1) Do these factors drive farmers to grow trees? (2) To what extent does tree cultivation contribute to income generation of households? The empirical results show households with higher environmental awareness, property rights, and less yield losses cultivate more trees per acre. Also the future evaluation plays an important significant role. Here, suitable measures to increase future expectations and environmental awareness need to be developed to increase tree cultivation. However, the impact assessment shows that only trees up to a certain income level influence income positively. For more prosperous households other income sources such as cash crop production play a more important role; here trees per acre influence the income per capita negatively. This leads to the conclusion that trees may be more important for the poorer households compared to the more prosperous ones.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2012|
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- Scherr, Sara J., 2000. "A downward spiral? Research evidence on the relationship between poverty and natural resource degradation," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 479-498, August.
- Koenker,Roger, 2005.
Cambridge University Press, number 9780521845731, March.
- Roger Koenker & Kevin F. Hallock, 2001. "Quantile Regression," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 143-156, Fall.
- Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521608275, December.
- Holden, Stein T. & Shiferaw, Bekele & Wik, Mette, 1998. "Poverty, market imperfections and time preferences: of relevance for environmental policy?," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 105-130, February.
- Leslie Lipper & Romina Cavatassi, 2003. "Land Use Change, Carbon Sequestration and Poverty Alleviation," Working Papers 03-13, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA). Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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