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The Social Contract in the MENA Region and the Energy Sector Reforms

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  • Brzuszkiewicz, Sara

Abstract

During the last few years and because of the low oil prices in particular, the increasing awareness of the unsustainability of subsidized systems led several MENA countries to take steps to lower subsidies, which have been part of the social contract for decades, especially as far as the energy sector is concerned. Nowadays, the need for reforms is compelling for more than one reason. Namely, the subsidized system distorts market trends, fosters inefficient use of resources, depresses foreign direct investment and fuels overconsumption, which is no longer sustainable, particularly as far as the population growth in most of the MENA countries is concerned. In this paper both the resource-abundant countries and the energy importing nations will be analyzed, in order to investigate similarities and differences between the two and to carry out an initial assessment of the reforms in two representative countries, namely Saudi Arabia, exporting country par excellence, and Egypt, which imports energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Brzuszkiewicz, Sara, 2017. "The Social Contract in the MENA Region and the Energy Sector Reforms," ESP: Energy Scenarios and Policy 253217, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:feemes:253217
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.253217
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/253217/files/NDL2017-004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David Coady & Ian W.H. Parry & Louis Sears & Baoping Shang, 2015. "How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?," IMF Working Papers 15/105, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Ananthakrishnan Prasad & Heba Abdel Monem & Pilar Garcia Martinez, 2016. "Macroprudential Policy and Financial Stability in the Arab Region," IMF Working Papers 16/98, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Corden, W M, 1984. "Booming Sector and Dutch Disease Economics: Survey and Consolidation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(3), pages 359-380, November.
    4. Carlo A Sdralevich & Randa Sab & Younes Zouhar & Giorgia Albertin, 2014. "Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa; Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead," IMF Departmental Papers / Policy Papers 14/08, International Monetary Fund.
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    Keywords

    Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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