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Agricultural Productivity Growth in Africa: Is Efficiency Catching-up or Lagging Behind?

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  • Mugera, Amin W.
  • Ojede, Andrew

Abstract

Recent empirical studies on agricultural productivity growth in African countries have produced mixed results; some find that uptake of new technology (technical progress) is the main source of total factor productivity growth while others point to improved use of existing technology (efficiency catch-up). This study tests for efficiency catch-up in the agricultural productivity of 33 African countries from 1966 to 2001. We use recent advances in data envelopment analysis (DEA) to generate standard and bootstrap bias corrected technical efficiency scores. In general, we find no evidence of efficiency catching-up. The standard DEA overestimated the efficiency scores of some countries due to small sample bias.

Suggested Citation

  • Mugera, Amin W. & Ojede, Andrew, 2011. "Agricultural Productivity Growth in Africa: Is Efficiency Catching-up or Lagging Behind?," 2011 Conference (55th), February 8-11, 2011, Melbourne, Australia 100687, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aare11:100687
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100687
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Frisvold, George & Ingram, Kevin, 1995. "Sources of agricultural productivity growth and stagnation in sub-Saharan Africa," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 51-61, October.
    2. Nin Pratt, Alejandro & Yu, Bingxin, 2008. "An updated look at the recovery of agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa:," IFPRI discussion papers 787, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Justin Bem & Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum & Tatiana Morel Samo Tcheeko & Jacksone Essoh, 2013. "Efficience de production du secteur informel non-agricole et réduction de la pauvreté au Cameroun," Working Papers PMMA 2013-06, PEP-PMMA.

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    Keywords

    Agriculture; Efficiency Catch-up; Bootstrap DEA; Africa; International Development; Production Economics;

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