Optimal Regulation Of Eutrophying Lakes, Fjords And Rivers In The Presence Of Threshold Effects
In a large number of practical environmental regulation problems, the damage done by pollutants depends on stocks and/or flows of pollutants exceeding certain thresholds. A typical example is eutrophication which occur when stocks of nutrients in a lake exceeds a certain threshold. The present paper presents a model of eutrophication that accounts for such thresholds. The paper does so by applying a novel technique in optimal control theory that allows for the analysis of systems where state-variables bounce back and forth over thresholds that take the form of functions of time and state-variables.
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- Charles Perrings & David Pearce, 1994. "Threshold effects and incentives for the conservation of biodiversity," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 13-28, February.
- Farzin, Y. H., 1996. "Optimal pricing of environmental and natural resource use with stock externalities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1-2), pages 31-57, October.
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