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On Demand Analysis and Dynamics: A Benefit Function Approach

  • Chavas, Jean-Paul

This paper develops an economic and econometric analysis of demand dynamics, with an application to US aggregate data over the period 1948-2010. The model builds on duality and the benefit function, which provide strong linkages with the theory. The research involves the specification and estimation of dynamic price-dependent demands as representations of marginal benefits. The analysis uncovers strong statistical evidence of demand dynamics, especially for food. We find that the marginal benefit of food declines with food consumption and that this effect becomes much stronger in the long run. We also find that, while food and service are always complements, the strength of this complementarity relationship increases sharply in the longer run.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/149683
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Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. with number 149683.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:149683
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  7. Smith, Patricia K. & Bogin, Barry & Bishai, David, 2005. "Are time preference and body mass index associated?: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 259-270, July.
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  11. Keith R. McLaren & K. K. Gary Wong, 2008. "The Benefit Function Approach to Modeling Price-Dependent Demand Systems: An Application of Duality Theory," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 8/08, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
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  13. Becker, Gary S & Murphy, Kevin M, 1988. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(4), pages 675-700, August.
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  18. Jean-Paul Chavas & Michele Baggio, 2010. "On duality and the benefit function," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 99(2), pages 173-184, March.
  19. Godfrey, Leslie G, 1978. "Testing against General Autoregressive and Moving Average Error Models When the Regressors Include Lagged Dependent Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1293-1301, November.
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