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In: Southern African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis


  • Gwimbi, Patrick
  • Thomas, Timothy S.
  • Hachigonta, Sepo
  • Sibanda, Lindiwe M.


Lesotho is located on the plateau of southern Africa, with altitudes ranging from about 1,400 meters to more than 3,480 meters above sea level. This position exposes the country to the influences of both the Indian and the Atlantic Oceans, with wide differences in temperature. Annual precipitation is highly variable both temporally and spatially, ranging from 500 millimeters to 760 millimeters. Temperatures are highly variable on diurnal, monthly, and annual time scales, generally ranging between –10° and 30°C. High winds of up to 20 meters per second can sometimes be reached during summer thunderstorms. The variations in topography and the microclimatological influences shape the ecological zones of the country: the lowlands, the foothills, the highlands, and the Senqu River Valley.

Suggested Citation

  • Gwimbi, Patrick & Thomas, Timothy S. & Hachigonta, Sepo & Sibanda, Lindiwe M., 2013. "Lesotho," IFPRI book chapters,in: Hachigonta, Sepo & Nelson, Gerald C. & Thomas, Timothy S. & Sibanda, Lindiwe Majele (ed.), Southern African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis, chapter 4, pages 71-110 International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifpric:9780896292086-04

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    1. Nelson, Gerald C. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Palazzo, Amanda & Gray, Ian & Ingersoll, Christina & Robertson, Richard & Tokgoz, Simla & Zhu, Tingju & Sulser, Timothy B. & Ringler, Claudia & Msangi, Siwa & , 2010. "Food security, farming, and climate change to 2050: Scenarios, results, policy options," Research reports Gerald C. Nelson, et al., International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. World Bank, 2009. "World Development Indicators 2009," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 4367.
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