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Carlos Ramirez

Personal Details

First Name:Carlos
Middle Name:
Last Name:Ramirez
RePEc Short-ID:pra173
Terminal Degree:1993 Department of Economics; Harvard University (from RePEc Genealogy)


Economics Department
George Mason University

Fairfax, Virginia (United States)
RePEc:edi:edgmuus (more details at EDIRC)

Research output

Jump to: Working papers Articles Chapters

Working papers

  1. Carlos D. Ramirez & Philip A. Shively, 2006. "Do bank failures affect real economic activity? state-level evidence from the pre-depression era," Proceedings 1035, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  2. Ms. Ling H Tan & Carlos D. Ramírez, 2003. "Singapore, Inc. Versus the Private Sector: Are Government-Linked Companies Different?," IMF Working Papers 2003/156, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Charles W. Calomiris & Carlos D. Ramirez, 1996. "Financing the American Corporation: The Changing Menu of Financial Rela-tionships," NBER Historical Working Papers 0079, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Becht, M. & Ramirez, C., 1994. "Financial Capitalism in Pre-World War I Germany: Universal Banks, Interlocking Directorships and the Mining and Steel Industry," Papers 9410, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.


  1. Carlos D. Ramirez, 2021. "The real effects of liquidity: Puerto Rico as a natural experiment," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 59(3), pages 1172-1191, July.
  2. Hwa, Vivian & Kapinos, Pavel & Ramirez, Carlos D., 2018. "Does regulatory bank oversight impact economic activity? A local projections approach," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 167-174.
  3. Du, Yingxin & Ju, Jiandong & Ramirez, Carlos D. & Yao, Xi, 2017. "Bilateral trade and shocks in political relations: Evidence from China and some of its major trading partners, 1990–2013," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 211-225.
  4. Goodstein, Ryan & Hanouna, Paul & Ramirez, Carlos D. & Stahel, Christof W., 2017. "Contagion effects in strategic mortgage defaults," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 50-60.
  5. Davison, Lee K. & Ramirez, Carlos D., 2014. "Local banking panics of the 1920s: Identification and determinants," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 164-177.
  6. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2014. "Is corruption in China “out of control”? A comparison with the US in historical perspective," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 76-91.
  7. Kupiec, Paul H. & Ramirez, Carlos D., 2013. "Bank failures and the cost of systemic risk: Evidence from 1900 to 1930," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 285-307.
  8. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2013. "The political economy of “currency manipulation” bashing," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 227-237.
  9. Carlos D. Ramirez & Philip A. Shively, 2012. "The Effect of Bank Failures on Economic Activity: Evidence from U.S. States in the Early 20th Century," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 44, pages 433-455, March.
  10. Carlos D. Ramirez & Rong Rong, 2012. "China Bashing: Does Trade Drive the “Bad” News about China in the USA?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(2), pages 350-363, May.
  11. Carlos Ramirez, 2011. "The effect of banking crises on deposit growth: State-level evidence from 1900 to 1930," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(2), pages 270-287.
  12. Ramirez Carlos D., 2011. "The $700 Billion Bailout: A Public-Choice Interpretation," Review of Law & Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 291-318, November.
  13. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2010. "Do Tasting Notes Add Value? Evidence from Napa Wines," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 143-163, April.
  14. Ramírez, Carlos D., 2009. "Bank fragility, "money under the mattress", and long-run growth: US evidence from the "perfect" Panic of 1893," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(12), pages 2185-2198, December.
  15. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2008. "Wine Quality, Wine Prices, and the Weather: Is Napa “Different†?," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 114-131, January.
  16. Edward López & Carlos Ramírez, 2008. "Mr. Smith and the economy: the influence of economic conditions on individual legislator voting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 136(1), pages 1-17, July.
  17. Curry, Timothy J. & Fissel, Gary S. & Ramirez, Carlos D., 2008. "The impact of bank supervision on loan growth," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 113-134, August.
  18. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2004. "Monetary policy and the credit channel in an open economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 363-369.
  19. Edward López & Carlos Ramírez, 2004. "Party Polarization and the Business Cycle in the United States," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 121(3), pages 413-430, February.
  20. Carlos D.Ramírez & Ling Hui Tan, 2004. "Singapore Inc. versus the Private Sector: Are Government-Linked Companies Different?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 51(3), pages 510-528, November.
  21. Marco Becht & Carlos D. Ramírez, 2003. "Does Bank Affiliation Mitigate Liquidity Constraints? Evidence from Germany's Universal Banks in the Pre‐World War I Period," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 70(2), pages 254-272, October.
  22. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2003. "Did branch banking restrictions increase bank failures? Evidence from Virginia and West Virginia in the late 1920s," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 331-352.
  23. Ramirez, Carlos D, 2002. "Did Banks' Security Affiliates Add Value? Evidence from the Commercial Banking Industry during the 1920s," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 34(2), pages 393-411, May.
  24. Ramirez, Carlos D & De Long, J Bradford, 2001. "Understanding America's Hesitant Steps toward Financial Capitalism: Politics, the Depression, and the Separation of Commercial and Investment Banking," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 106(1-2), pages 93-116, January.
  25. Ramirez, Carlos D & Eigen-Zucchi, Christian, 2001. "Understanding the Clayton Act of 1914: An Analysis of the Interest Group Hypothesis," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 106(1-2), pages 157-181, January.
  26. Ramirez, Carlos D., 2001. "Even more on monetary policy in a small open economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 399-405, December.
  27. Ramírez, Carlos D., 1999. "Did Glass-Steagall Increase the Cost of External Finance for Corporate Investment?: Evidence From Bank and Insurance Company Affiliations," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(2), pages 372-396, June.
  28. Charles W. Calomiris & Carlos D. Ramirez, 1996. "The Role Of Financial Relationships In The History Of American Corporate Finance," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 9(2), pages 52-73, June.
  29. Ramirez, Carlos D, 1995. "Did J. P. Morgan's Men Add Liquidity? Corporate Investment, Cash Flow, and Financial Structure at the Turn of the Twentieth Century," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 661-678, June.


  1. Charles W. Calomiris & Carlos D. Ramírez, 2018. "The Political Economy of Bank Entry Restrictions: A Theory of Unit Banking," Studies in Public Choice, in: Joshua Hall & Marcus Witcher (ed.), Public Choice Analyses of American Economic History, chapter 0, pages 99-119, Springer.

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