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Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets : Trade Corridors in the 21st Century

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-François Arvis
  • Robin Carruthers
  • Graham Smith
  • Christopher Willoughby

Abstract

The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. A new consensus has also emerged that reducing trade costs and improving access to corridors is not just a matter of building infrastructure. The policies that regulate transport services providers and the movement of goods along corridors are important determinants of the social rate of return on such infrastructure investment. This book avoids optimistic assumptions regarding the prospects for new high-level agreements and decisions to facilitate transit or the possible benefits from increased use of technology. Instead, the authors argue that much can be done through the implementation of readily available existing tools. The use of these tools is often hampered by not only capacity constraints; but, equally if not more important, a lack of commitment. Political economic factors in both the landlocked countries and their transit neighbors must be recognized and addressed. This book offers examples of possible implementation strategies that, while challenging, should in principle help in overcoming these political economic constraints. The main message is that to bring about efficient trade corridors governments and stakeholders should focus on properly implementing the fiscal, regulatory, and procedural principles for international transit that encourage quality-driven logistics services. The various implementation challenges are the primary focus of this book.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-François Arvis & Robin Carruthers & Graham Smith & Christopher Willoughby, 2011. "Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets : Trade Corridors in the 21st Century," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 2286, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:2286
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mr. Abebe Aemro Selassie, 2008. "Beyond Macroeconomic Stability: The Quest for Industrialization in Uganda," IMF Working Papers 2008/231, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Jean-François Arvis & Gaël Raballand & Jean-François Marteau, 2010. "The Cost of Being Landlocked : Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 2489, December.
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    Cited by:

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    2. Craig Macphee & Peter Cook & Wanasin Sattayanuwat, 2013. "Transportation and The International Trade of Eastern and Southern Africa," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 81(2), pages 225-239, June.
    3. Athukorala, Prema-chandra & Narayanan, Suresh, 2018. "Economic corridors and regional development: The Malaysian experience," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Tan, Barney & Ng, Evelyn & Jiang, Junhui, 2018. "The process of Technology Leapfrogging: Case analysis of the national ICT infrastructure development journey of Azerbaijan," International Journal of Information Management, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 311-316.
    5. Vincent Nkundabaramye, 2022. "Effects of the East African Community Single Customs Territory (EACSCT) on the Movement of Goods along the Rwandan Customs Posts," Journal of Social Science Studies, Macrothink Institute, vol. 9(2), pages 115-115, December.
    6. Jorge García García & David Camilo López & Enrique Montes Uribe, 2016. "Los costos de comerciar en Colombia: aproximación basada en una comparación de precios," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 46(2), pages 75-139, December.
    7. Bakar Normizan & Ishii Yasunori, 2014. "Export Competition between Landlocked and Coastal Countries: An Analysis of Strategic Export Policies," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 804-812, November.
    8. Jerónimo Carballo & Alejandro Graziano & Georg Schaur & Christian Volpe Martincus, 2021. "The Effects of Transit Systems on International Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 9353, CESifo.
    9. A S M Abdul Quium, 2019. "Transport Corridors for Wider Socio–Economic Development," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(19), pages 1-23, September.
    10. Ngoc Thien Anh Pham & Nicholas Sim, 2020. "Shipping cost and development of the landlocked developing countries: Panel evidence from the common correlated effects approach," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(4), pages 892-920, April.
    11. Hanaoka, Shinya & Sota, Masashi & Kawasaki, Tomoya & Thompson, Russell G., 2019. "Performance of cross-border corridors in East Africa considering multiple stakeholders," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 117-126.
    12. Aggarwal, Aradhna, 2020. "The Concept, Evolution, Impacts and Critical Success Factors of Regional Economic Corridors," MPRA Paper 110706, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Nov 2021.
    13. Phill Wheat & Alexander D. Stead & Yue Huang & Andrew Smith, 2019. "Lowering Transport Costs and Prices by Competition: Regulatory and Institutional Reforms in Low Income Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(21), pages 1-19, October.
    14. Torres Martínez, Antonio José & Oliete Josa, Sergio & Magrinyà, Francesc & Gauthier, Jean-Marc, 2018. "Cost-effectiveness of enforcing axle-load regulations: The Douala-N’Djamena corridor in Sub-Saharan Africa," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 216-228.
    15. Reeg, Caroline, 2017. "Spatial development initiatives – potentials, challenges and policy lessons: with a specific outlook for inclusive agrocorridors in Sub-Sahara Africa," IDOS Studies, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS), volume 97, number 97.
    16. Rana, Pradumna B. & Karmacharya, Binod, 2014. "A Connectivity-Driven Development Strategy for Nepal: From a Landlocked to a Land-Linked State," ADBI Working Papers 498, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    17. Patricia Sourdin & Richard Pomfret, 2012. "Trade Facilitation," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14596.

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