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Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2012




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For the third year in a row, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean continued to attract growing flows of foreign direct investment (FDI). The figures for 2012 were particularly significant because they were set in an international context of falling global FDI flows. The new increase in FDI posted brought the region's share of global FDI flows up to 12% in 2012. Economic growth in the region (3%) and the high prices of natural resources have undoubtedly contributed to sustaining the level of foreign investment in the region over the past year. This document offers a qualitative overview of FDI inflows and looks at the relative importance of the different destination sectors in the host economies, and the geographical origin of these capital flows. The performance of FDI from Latin American and Caribbean countries is also examined, affording particular attention to the expansion of some of the region's largest firms, the trans-Latins. The report also analyses the phenomenon of FDI income, which has become increasingly significant in the past 10 years, and takes a detailed look at FDI in the agricultural sector.

Suggested Citation

  • -, 2013. "Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2012," La Inversión Extranjera Directa en América Latina y el Caribe, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1152 edited by Eclac.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col007:1152
    Note: Includes bibliography

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tomas Havranek & Zuzana Irsova, 2012. "Survey Article: Publication Bias in the Literature on Foreign Direct Investment Spillovers," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1375-1396, October.
    2. Filippaios, Fragkiskos & Rama, Ruth, 2008. "Globalisation or regionalisation The strategies of the world's largest food and beverage MNEs," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 59-72, February.
    3. Saravia-Matus, Silvia L. & Gomez y Paloma, Sergio & Mary, Sebastien, 2012. "Economics of Food Security: Selected Issues," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 1(1), pages 1-16, April.
    4. Ayadi, N. & Rastoin, J.L. & Tozanli, S., 2006. "Les opérations de restructuration des firmes agroalimentaires multinationales entre 1987 et 2003," Working Papers MOISA 200608, UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro - Montpellier, France.
    5. Ruth Rama & Catalina Martínez, 2013. "The changing structure of the global agribusiness sector," Chapters, in: Frank Giarratani & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings & Philip McCann (ed.), Handbook of Industry Studies and Economic Geography, chapter 12, pages 305-340, Edward Elgar Publishing.
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