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How many dimensions does sustainable development have?


  • Artur Pawłowski

    (Lublin University of Technology, Environmental Engineering Faculty, Lublin, Poland)


There is only a scant possibility of today's environmental problems being solved solely by technical means, with no account being taken of the social or economic aspects. Thus, three generally recognized dimensions of sustainable development have been devised: ecological, social and economic. However, the basis for them is moral reflection regarding humankind's responsibility for nature. Is this all? Perhaps we should also include technical, legal and political dimensions. All of them are important and all of them are characterized in this paper. Since they are connected with one another, examples of the degree to which they can overlap are also discussed. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Artur Pawłowski, 2008. "How many dimensions does sustainable development have?," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 81-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:16:y:2008:i:2:p:81-90 DOI: 10.1002/sd.339

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ted Kitchen & David Whitney & Stephen Littlewood, 1997. "Local Authority/AcademicCollaboration and Local Agenda 21 Policy Processes," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 645-660.
    2. Sofie Adolfsson Jorby, 2002. "Local Agenda 21 in Four Swedish Municipalities: A Tool towards Sustainability?," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 219-244.
    3. Dimitri Devuyst, 2000. "Linking impact assessment and sustainable development at the local level: the introduction of sustainability assessment systems," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 67-78.
    4. Paul S. Phillips & Paul Clarkson & Julie Adams & Adam D. Read & P. Chris Coggins, 2003. "County waste minimization programmes: a case study from Northamptonshire, UK," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 103-118.
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    Cited by:

    1. Manolis Christofakis & George Mergos & Athanasios Papadaskalopoulos, 2009. "Sustainable and balanced development of insular space: the case of Greece," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(6), pages 365-377.
    2. Reena Patra, 2009. "Vaastu Shastra : Towards sustainable development," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 244-256.
    3. Friederike Albersmeier & Holger Schulze & Achim Spiller, 2009. "Evaluation and reliability of the organic certification system: perceptions by farmers in Latin America," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 311-324.

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