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TJTC and the promise and reality of redistributive vouchering and tax credit policy

  • Edward C. Lorenz

    (Associate Professor of History and Political Science at Alma College)

Registered author(s):

    The Targeted Jobs Tax Credit (TJTC) is a representative redistributive incentive. Initially, proponents saw TJTC as an elegant program, efficiently promoting labor market behavior that would solve the employment problems of many disadvantaged job seekers. However, interest groups distorted the credit into a windfall for businesses that hire large numbers of low wage workers. The policy theories incorporated into TJTC, which emphasized continual program reform and minimized program management by public administrators, provided a setting conducive to interest group distortion. Because few representatives of the disadvantaged participated in the oversight process, special interests undermined TJTC being reformed through empirical evaluation. This experience indicates that without major changes in the policy process, narrowly targeted rzdistributive policies should be avoided.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.2307/3325153
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    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

    Volume (Year): 14 (1995)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 270-290

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:14:y:1995:i:2:p:270-290
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/34787/home

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    1. Dave M. O'Neill, 1977. "Voucher Funding of Training Programs: Evidence from the GI Bill," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 12(4), pages 425-445.
    2. John H. Bishop & Suk Kang, 1991. "Applying for entitlements: Employers and the targeted jobs tax credit," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(1), pages 24-45.
    3. Kevin Hollenbeck & Richard J. Willke, 1991. "The Employment and Earnings Impacts of the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 91-07, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    4. Gary Burtless, 1985. "Are targeted wage subsidies harmful? Evidence from a wage voucher experiment," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 39(1), pages 105-114, October.
    5. Linda M. Aguilar & William A. Testa, 1991. "Unemployment insurance: countercyclical or counterproductive?," Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Jul.
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