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Financial services for the rural poor and women in India: Access and sustainability

Author

Listed:
  • Vijay Mahajan

    (BASIX)

  • Bharti Gupta Ramola

    (Price Waterhouse)

Abstract

This paper, based on a study commissioned by the World Bank, reviews the performance of Indian financial institutions in providing services to the rural poor and examines the key issues facing policy makers and institutions as the country moves forward on financial sector reforms. The study posits two sets of causal variables for institutional performance: (i) Internal Practices Attitudes (IPAs); and (ii) mechanisms for client interface that either enhance or thwart access by the rural poor and women (MEAs). Both of these variables are largely within the control of the financial institutions. The study sought to identify changes in these variables that could improve access to financial services by the rural poor. The authors conclude, however that rural financial institutions are faced with a hierarchy of constraints, largely beyond their control, and any attempt at developing workable and sustainable approaches to improved access of the rural poor to financial services will need to address a whole range of macro-policy issues including depoliticization, ownership and governance in addition to regulatory issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Vijay Mahajan & Bharti Gupta Ramola, 1996. "Financial services for the rural poor and women in India: Access and sustainability," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 211-224.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:8:y:1996:i:2:p:211-224 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1328(199603)8:2<211::AID-JID378>3.0.CO;2-W
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bates, Robert H & Collier, Paul, 1995. "The Politics and Economics of Policy Reform in Zambia," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 4(1), pages 115-143, May.
    2. Wade, Robert, 1985. "The market for public office: Why the Indian state is not better at development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 467-497, April.
    3. Hawkins, Jeffrey Jr., 1991. "Understanding the failure of IMF reform: The Zambian case," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(7), pages 839-849, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pal, Debdatta & Laha, Arnab K., 2015. "Sectoral credit choice in rural India," Journal of choice modelling, Elsevier, vol. 14(C), pages 1-16.
    2. World Bank, 2003. "Rural Financial Services : Implementing the Bank's Strategy to Reach the Rural Poor," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14677, The World Bank.
    3. Saravana Jaikumar & Ankur Sarin, 2015. "Conspicuous consumption and income inequality in an emerging economy: evidence from India," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 279-292, September.
    4. Garikipati, Supriya, 2008. "The Impact of Lending to Women on Household Vulnerability and Women's Empowerment: Evidence from India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 2620-2642, December.
    5. Mosley, Paul & Hulme, David, 1998. "Microenterprise finance: Is there a conflict between growth and poverty alleviation?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 783-790, May.
    6. Brigit Helms, 2006. "Access for All : Building Inclusive Financial Systems," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6973.
    7. Shaheel Rafique, 2006. "Implications of informal credit for policy development in India for building inclusive financial sectors," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 13(1), pages 101-127, June.
    8. Ranjan, Sharad, 2006. "Occupational Diversification And Access To Rural Employment: Revisiting The Non Farm Employment Debate," MPRA Paper 7870, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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