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ICTs, gender and development: women in software production in Kerala


  • Shoba Arun

    (Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ulster at Jordanstown)

  • Thankom Arun

    (Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ulster at Jordanstown)


The impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on development largely depends on the existing economic, social and cultural fabric into which they are introduced. This can be seen in the case of Kerala in India, which has been implementing an ICT-based strategy that particularly seeks to create growth and employment through software production. A gendered perspective on software production shows that ICTs create opportunities for women. However, they also reproduce gender inequalities seen in the broader fabric of society. ICT policies must therefore take account of the gendered roles, norms and practices that affect both labour markets and households because these, in turn, affect both the outcome and sustainability of ICT-based development. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Shoba Arun & Thankom Arun, 2002. "ICTs, gender and development: women in software production in Kerala," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 39-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:14:y:2002:i:1:p:39-50
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.866

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pradeep Kumar Panda, 1999. "Poverty and young women's employment: Linkages in Kerala," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 292, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
    2. Nirupam Bajpai & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2000. "India's Decade of Development," CID Working Papers 46, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    3. Veron, Rene, 2001. "The "New" Kerala Model: Lessons for Sustainable Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 601-617, April.
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    2. Radhamany Sooryamoorthy & Ricardo B. Duque & Marcus Antonius Ynalvez & Wesley Shrum, 2007. "Scientific collaboration and the Kerala model: does the internet make a difference?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(7), pages 982-996.
    3. Ragasa, Catherine, 2012. "Gender and Institutional Dimensions of Agricultural Technology Adoption: A Review of Literature and Synthesis of 35 Case Studies," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126747, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Kijima, Yoko, 2006. "Why did wage inequality increase? Evidence from urban India 1983-99," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 97-117, October.
    5. Hajar Sotudeh & Nahid Khoshian, 2014. "Gender, web presence and scientific productivity in nanoscience and nanotechnology," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 99(3), pages 717-736, June.
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