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Theoretical And Practical Aspects Regarding The Exchange Rate And The Equilibrium Exchange Rate In Romania


  • Ailinca, Alina Georgeta

    (Centre of Financial and Monetary Research “Victor Slăvescu”, Romanian Academy)

  • Milea, Camelia

    (Centre of Financial and Monetary Research “Victor Slăvescu”, Romanian Academy)

  • Iordache, Floarea

    (Centre of Financial and Monetary Research “Victor Slăvescu”, Romanian Academy)


The integration within the Economic and Monetary Union requires the participation to the Exchange Rate Mechanism II (ERM II) and meeting the nominal convergence criteria set by the Maastricht treaty. Under these circumstances, it becomes crucial to establish the central parity upon entering ERM II as close as possible to the exchange rate of equilibrium of the national currency versus the Euro. This would support a harmonious economic development within the ERM II and, subsequently, within the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Given the many methodologies of calculation, each one with its advantages and disadvantages, it is extremely difficult to select a specific approach in order to set the nominal and real exchange rate of equilibrium. The aim of this paper is not to set a specific methodology to determine the exchange rate of equilibrium, but to give our personal opinion on the complex issue of the equilibrium exchange rate. Under the current conditions of the, still strong vulnerabilities and tensions due to the effects of the global economic and financial crisis, it is premature to set an exchange rate of equilibrium leu/Euro adequate to the requirements set by the integration within the ERM II, particularly since an inadequate rate might make it difficult to maintain the currency on the variation band imposed by the Maastricht criterium and may even be an invitation for speculative attacks on the national currency, which may cause economic imbalances.

Suggested Citation

  • Ailinca, Alina Georgeta & Milea, Camelia & Iordache, Floarea, 2012. "Theoretical And Practical Aspects Regarding The Exchange Rate And The Equilibrium Exchange Rate In Romania," Studii Financiare (Financial Studies), Centre of Financial and Monetary Research "Victor Slavescu", vol. 16(3), pages 112-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:vls:finstu:v:16:y:2012:i:3:p:112-125

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. William Ellery Channing, 1994. "Change," American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 15-15, January.
    2. Jeremy C. Stein, 1995. "Prices and Trading Volume in the Housing Market: A Model with Down-Payment Effects," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 379-406.
    3. Dumitru, Ionut, 2006. "Estimarea cursului de schimb real de echilibru in România [The equilibrium exchange rate in Romania]," MPRA Paper 10631, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    exchange rate; exchange rate of equilibrium; exchange rate mechanism; Economic and Monetary Union;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange


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