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Female Labour Force and Child Abuse in Malaysia Using ARDL Approach


  • Shaari, Mohd Shahidan

    (School of Business Innovation and Technopreneurship Universiti Malaysia Perlis Pengkalan Jaya Jalan Alor-Setar-Kangar, 01000 Kangar, Perlis MALAYSIA)

  • Harun, Nor Hidayah

    (Faculty of Business Management Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang MALAYSIA)

  • Hussain, Nor Ermawati

    (School of Social and Economic Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, MALAYSIA)


Economic growth plays an important role in determining the number of female labour force. As economic growth intensifies, the number of female labour force increases simultaneously. However, the rise in the number of female labour force can lead to an increase in the number of child abuse cases. Therefore, this study is essential to explore the relationship between female labour force and child abuse cases in Malaysia. This study employs the ARDL bound testing approach and the results show that a higher number of female labour force can contribute to a higher child abuse case in Malaysia. Therefore, policies on female labour force should be formulated to cushion its effects on child abuse cases.

Suggested Citation

  • Shaari, Mohd Shahidan & Harun, Nor Hidayah & Hussain, Nor Ermawati, 2019. "Female Labour Force and Child Abuse in Malaysia Using ARDL Approach," Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, vol. 53(1), pages 27-33.
  • Handle: RePEc:ukm:jlekon:v:53:y:2019:i:1:p:27-33

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Lindo, Jason M. & Schaller, Jessamyn & Hansen, Benjamin, 2013. "Economic Conditions and Child Abuse," IZA Discussion Papers 7355, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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