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La teoría de juegos conductual, el dilema del viajero alternativo y la maximización de pagos

  • Rodrigo Moro
  • Esteban Freidin
  • Fernando Tohmé
  • Marcelo Auday
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    Dentro del área de teoría de juegos conductual nos enfocamos en un contexto específico, el del juego que denominamos Dilema del viajero alternativo. En este contexto hemos observado que los participantes tienden a elegir estrategias estrictamente dominadas. Para explicar tendencias similares en otros juegos, los investigadores del área han apelado a sesgos cognitivos o bien a factores motivacionales. Proponemos un factor psicológico denominado sesgo en la accesibilidad de objetivos para explicar las tendencias en cuestión. Ese factor involucra tanto aspectos cognitivos como motivacionales. Presentamos una síntesis de resultados experimentales que favorecen dicha explicación sobre otras alternativas más frugales.

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    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 Year 2011 (December)
    Pages: 457-473

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:38:y:2011:i:2:p:457-473
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    1. Tyran, Jean-Robert, 2003. "Behavioral Game Theory. Experiments in Strategic Interaction: Colin F. Camerer, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 2003, p. 550, Price $65.00/[UK pound]42.95, ISBN 0-691-09039-4," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 717-720, December.
    2. Espinosa Alejos, María Paz & Brañas Garza, Pablo & Rey Biel, Pedro, 2010. "Travellers' Types," DFAEII Working Papers 2010-03, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
    3. Basu, Kaushik & Becchetti, Leonardo & Stanca, Luca, 2008. "Experiments with the Traveler's Dilemma: Welfare, Strategic Choice and Implicit Collusion," Working Papers 08-07, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
    4. Bettman, James R & Luce, Mary Frances & Payne, John W, 1998. " Constructive Consumer Choice Processes," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(3), pages 187-217, December.
    5. Nagel, Rosemarie, 1995. "Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1313-26, December.
    6. Basu, Kaushik, 1994. "The Traveler's Dilemma: Paradoxes of Rationality in Game Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 391-95, May.
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