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Foreign Direct Investment And Air Pollution In China: Evidence From Chinese Cities

  • Jie HE

    ()

    (Université de Sherbrooke)

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In order to gain deeper insight into the impacts of FDI on the air pollution situation in Chinese cities, I construct a simultaneous system. This system supposes the air pollution indicators to be determined by economic scale, industrial composition and technical characters of a city and in turn, FDI entry can affect the production scale, structure transformation and technical progress in pollution abatement activities. This system is tested for two air pollution cases in China: the annual average concentration of SO2 and total suspended particles (TSP). Based on a panel database of 80 cities (1993-2001), the system is estimated by the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) estimator for simultaneous system. The fixed effect estimator and the method of Anderson and Hsiao (1982) are included to take into account the city’s specific effect and the potential first-order autocorrelation respectively. The results show that although there exist various channels through which FDI affects pollution, the impacts of FDI on pollution are mainly exerted through scale and technical effects. Corresponding to similar studies, the total environmental impacts of FDI in both pollution cases are proven to be very small.

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File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R28/7-He.pdf
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Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

Volume (Year): 28 (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 131-150

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Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:28:y:2008:p:131-150
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  1. Werner Antweiler & Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 2001. "Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 877-908, September.
  2. Dinda, Soumyananda & Coondoo, Dipankor & Pal, Manoranjan, 2000. "Air quality and economic growth: an empirical study," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 409-423, September.
  3. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
  4. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
  5. Jie HE, 2005. "Pollution haven hypothesis and Environmental impacts of foreign direct investment: The Case of Industrial Emission of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) in Chinese provinces," Working Papers 200506, CERDI.
  6. Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 1997. "A Simple Model of Trade, Capital Mobility, and the Environment," NBER Working Papers 5898, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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