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Industrial Location Of Innovative Activities And Techno-Industrial Clusters: Astructuralist Approach To National Innovation Systems

Author

Listed:
  • Stéphane LALLICH

    (ERIC, Université Lyon 2)

  • Christian LE BAS

    () (Institut des Sciences de l'Homme, Lyon)

Abstract

In this paper we suggest a description of National Innovation Systems (NIS) from a structuralist point of view. Two NISs are investigated (French and Italian) with patent data broken down into two dimensions: the industrial sectors which produce them and the technological fields in which the applications belong. Such a matrix provides a map of technological activities. The main results of our analysis are: the distribution of technological activities by industrial sector, the distribution of patents by technological field and the industrial concentration of technological knowledge are similar. Nevertheless, the technological concentration of industrial sectors are very different. NIS effects occur with each country organising its sectoral technological variety in a specific manner. A second body of results concerns techno-industrial "clusters". Three large groups emerge from the two NISs (chemical, electronics, mechanical equipment). They differ in terms of size, form and complexity.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphane LALLICH & Christian LE BAS, 2006. "Industrial Location Of Innovative Activities And Techno-Industrial Clusters: Astructuralist Approach To National Innovation Systems," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 24, pages 61-84.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:24:y:2006:p:61-84
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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R24/R24_Lallich-LeBas.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fagerberg, Jan, 1987. "A technology gap approach to why growth rates differ," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 87-99, August.
    2. Carlsson, B & Stankiewicz, R, 1991. "On the Nature, Function and Composition of Technological Systems," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 93-118, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    PATENTS; TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES; INDUSTRIAL SECTORS; TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE; LOCALISATION OF INNOVATIONS;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods

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