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Pension systems contribution determinants: a cross sectional analysis on Tunisia


  • Mehdi Ben Braham
  • Mohamed Ali Marouani


This article presents an analysis of pension coverage based on contribution density. This approach is justified by the fact that coverage rates do not give a clear indication of effective contribution and particularly cannot explain the low level of pensions in the private sector observed in many developing countries. After computing the contribution density of private sector workers in Tunisia, an econometric analysis based on administrative data identifies the determinants of this ratio. Results show that contribution density of the most vulnerable groups is very low compared to other workers. Women are more likely to contribute to the pension system and contribution density decreases with firms’ size.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehdi Ben Braham & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2019. "Pension systems contribution determinants: a cross sectional analysis on Tunisia," Middle East Development Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(1), pages 30-48, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rmdjxx:v:11:y:2019:i:1:p:30-48
    DOI: 10.1080/17938120.2019.1583507

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Helena Ribe & David A. Robalino & Ian Walker, 2012. "From Right to Reality : Incentives, Labor Markets, and the Challenge of Universal Social Protection in Latin America and the Caribbean [De los derechos a la realidad : incentivos, mercados de traba," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 6008, December.
    2. Rofman, Rafael & Oliveri, Maria Laura, 2012. "Pension coverage in Latin America : trends and determinants," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 70926, The World Bank.
    3. Valdés-Prieto, Salvador, 2008. "A theory of contribution density and implications for pension design," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 90344, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Walid Merouani & Claire El Moudden & Nacer-Eddine Hammouda, 2018. "Social Security Entitlement in Maghreb Countries: Who is Excluded? Who is not Interested?," Working Papers 1264, Economic Research Forum, revised 03 Dec 2018.
    2. Walid Merouani & Claire El Moudden & Nacer Eddine Hammouda, 2021. "Social Security Enrollment as an Indicator of State Fragility and Legitimacy: A Field Experiment in Maghreb Countries," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-25, July.

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