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Racial Diversity and Macroeconomic Productivity across US States and Cities

Listed author(s):
  • Chad Sparber

Sparber C. Racial diversity and macroeconomic productivity across US states and cities, Regional Studies. Racial diversity in the USA continues to rise. Past analyses have argued that diversity can have both positive and negative consequences. The overall macroeconomic effects of diversity within the USA require further examination. This paper exploits variation across US regions from 1980 to 2000 to determine whether racial heterogeneity creates gains or losses for states and cities. Fixed-effects analysis indicates that diversity enhances the productivity of cities. Evidence at the state level is more ambiguous, as significant results only appear in random-effects specifications. [image omitted] Sparber C. La diversite ethnique et la productivite macroeconomique a travers les etats et les grandes villes aux E-U, Regional Studies. Aux Etats-Unis, la diversite ethnique est toujours a la hausse. Des etudes anterieures ont cherche a affirmer que les consequences de la diversite ethnique peuvent s'averer a la fois positives et negatives. L'effet global macroeconomique de la diversite aux Etats-Unis necessite un examen plus approfondi. Cet article analyse la variation a travers les regions des Etats-Unis entre 1980 et l'an 2000 afin de determiner si, oui ou non, l'heterogeneite ethnique a des retombees positives ou negatives sur les etats et les grandes villes. Une analyse par effets fixes laisse voir que la diversite augmente la productivite des grandes villes. Les preuves qui proviennent des etats sont plus ambigues, parce que d'importants resultats ne sont evidents qu'a partir des specifications des effets aleatoires. Diversite ethnique Productivite macroeconomique Sparber C. Ethnische Vielfalt und makrookonomische Produktivitat in Bundesstaaten und Stadten der USA, Regional Studies. In den USA nimmt die ethnische Vielfalt weiter zu. In den Analysen der Vergangenheit wurde argumentiert, dass sich eine Vielfalt sowohl positiv als auch negativ auswirken kann. Die generellen makrookonomischen Auswirkungen der Vielfalt innerhalb der USA bedurfen einer genaueren Untersuchung. In diesem Beitrag werden die Schwankungen innerhalb der Regionen der USA im Zeitraum von 1980 bis 2000 untersucht, um festzustellen, ob eine ethnische Heterogenitat fur die Bundesstaaten und Stadte Gewinne oder Verluste erzeugt. Eine Festeffekt-Analyse weist darauf hin, dass sich durch Vielfalt die Produktivitat der Stadte erhoht. Die Belege auf der Ebene der Bundesstaaten fallen weniger eindeutig aus, da signifikante Ergebnisse nur in den Spezifikationen willkurlicher Effekte auftreten. Ethnische Vielfalt Makrookonomische Produktivitat Sparber C. Diversidad racial y productividad macroeconomica en estados y ciudades de EE.UU., Regional Studies. La diversidad racial en los Estados Unidos sigue creciendo. En analisis previos se ha postulado que la diversidad puede tener consecuencias tanto positivas como negativas. Es necesario examinar mejor los efectos macroeconomicos generales de la diversidad en los Estados Unidos. En este articulo analizo la variacion entre las regiones estadounidenses de 1980 a 2000 para determinar si la heterogeneidad racial crea ganancias o perdidas a los estados y las ciudades. Los analisis de efectos fijos indican que la diversidad aumenta la productividad de las ciudades. La evidencia a nivel estatal es mas ambigua porque los resultados significativos solo aparecen en las especificaciones de efectos aleatorios. Diversidad racial Productividad macroeconomica

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 71-85

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:1:p:71-85
DOI: 10.1080/00343400802360436
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